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Headword: Χθονίας βροντάς
Adler number: chi,328
Translated headword: earth-shaking thunderclaps
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"Celebrate [his] earth-shaking thunderclaps". Meaning sing a hymn. "Earth-shaking" [meaning] frightening. For they trace the genealogy of all terrible things to the earth. But others [see this as thunderclaps] that bring about a loud rumble; or those coming from the earth; for when the earth rumbles, it sends the sound up into the sky, and men think that such thunderclaps come out of the sky; or [meaning] those that are heard near the earth, or those that shake the earth.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the nominative singular] 'earth-shaking thunderclap'.[2] Also [sc. attested is] 'Chthonios Zeus', [meaning] he who is below the earth.[3]
Greek Original:
Χθονίας βροντάς: κλῄσατε χθονίας βροντάς. ἀντὶ τοῦ ὑμνήσατε. χθονίας δὲ φοβεράς. πάντα γὰρ τὰ δεινὰ γῆς γενεαλογοῦσιν. οἱ δὲ τὰς μέγαν ἦχον ἀποτελούσας: ἢ τὰς ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς γινομένας: ὅτε γὰρ ἠχεῖ ἡ γῆ, ἀναπέμπει τὸν ἦχον εἰς τὸν οὐρανόν, καὶ δοκοῦσιν οἱ ἄνθρωποι ἐξ οὐρανοῦ γίνεσθαι τὰς τοιαύτας βροντάς: ἢ τὰς μέχρι τῆς γῆς ἀκουομένας, ἢ τὰς τὴν γῆν κινούσας. καὶ Χθόνιος βροντή. καὶ Χθόνιος Ζεύς, ὁ καταχθόνιος.
Notes:
The headword phrase, accusative plural, is extracted from the quotation.
[1] Aristophanes, Birds 1745 (web address 1 below), with scholion.
[2] Comparably, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon (235). It is unclear whether this phrase is quoted from anywhere.
[3] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 1606. (For deities that are both chthonic and Olympian, see Burkert 199-202, 208.) See also Hesychius and, according to Adler, the Ambrosian Lexicon (233).
Reference:
Walter Burkert. Greek Religion: Archaic and Classical. Oxford: 1985
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; meter and music; mythology; religion; science and technology; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 March 2008@03:37:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified tr; augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 March 2008@09:28:20.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 12 November 2013@04:18:15.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 June 2016@03:49:01.

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