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Headword: Χιλή
Adler number: chi,303
Translated headword: fodder
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] food.
Also [sc. attested is] χιλός , masculine, [also meaning] food.
Xenophon [writes]: "the herds were all fed indoors with fodder."[1]
"[...] through their own country, where there was fodder and water for horses." Herodotus [sc. says this].[2]
"[...] to bring inside the walls as much grain and fodder as was in the region."[3]
[The word] χιλός [is] masculine.
And [sc. note also the name] Achilles, the hero, [deriving] from not sharing in fodder [μετασχεῖν χιλοῦ ]; for he was fed on marrow."[4]
Fodder is grown on the mainland; that is, pasturage. Whence [comes the term] ἐκκεχιλωμένην ("covered with grass"), [meaning] "falsified" or "made dry and barren", that is, uncared-for.[5]
Greek Original:
Χιλή: τροφή. καὶ Χιλός, ἀρσενικῶς, ἡ τροφή. Ξενοφῶν: τὰ δὲ κτήνη πάντα χιλῷ ἔνδον ἐτρέφοντο. διὰ τῆς ἑτέρης χώρης, τῇ χιλός τε ἵπποις καὶ ὕδατα ἦν. Ἡρόδοτος. ὅσος τε σῖτος καὶ χιλὸς ἐν τῇ χώρᾳ εἴσω τειχῶν κομίζεσθαι. ἀρσενικὸν ὁ χιλός. καὶ Ἀχιλλεύς, ὁ ἥρως, παρὰ τὸ μὴ μετασχεῖν χιλοῦ: μυελοῖς γὰρ ἐτρέφετο. ὅτι ὁ χιλὸς ἐν χέρσῳ φύεται: τοῦτο δέ ἐστι χόρτος. ὅθεν τὸ ἐκκεχιλωμένην, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐψευσμένην ἢ κεχερσωμένην, οἷον ἐξηλειμμένην.
For this entry see also e.g. Hesychius, Lexicum Ambrosianum 247 (according to Adler), Etymologicum Genuinum, Etymologicum Magnum 811.47.
[1] Xenophon, Anabasis 4.5.25 (web address 1 below).
[2] Herodotus 4.140.3 (web address 2). The text of Herodotus reads σφετέρης for the Suda's ἑτέρης ("other").
[3] Quotation and context unidentifiable.
[4] cf. Etymologicum Magnum 181.28.
[5] From epsilon 420, which reads ἐξημελημένην ("uncared for") for ἐξηλειμμένην here ("wiped out, erased"). See also Pausanias the Atticist fr.323, and Etymologicum Magnum 322.15.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; mythology; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 29 March 2008@02:44:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplemented tr; augmented keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 March 2008@08:21:36.
David Whitehead on 11 November 2013@08:02:27.


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