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Headword: Χάριτας
Adler number: chi,123
Translated headword: favors; Graces
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] privileges, kindnesses. "He sent Theodorus to promise favors, in return for the fact that he had honored the greatest emissary of the Romans to the utmost."[1]
Also [sc. attested is] a proverb: 'the Graces [are] naked'; because it is necessary to give favors [χαρίζεσθαι ] simply and openly;[2] or because the Graces are deprived of their own adornment.[3]
There are three Graces: Peitho, Aglaia and Euphrone.[4]
Greek Original:
Χάριτας: τιμάς, εὐεργεσίας. ὁ δὲ στέλλει Θεόδωρον, ὁμολογήσοντα χάριτας, ἀνθ' ὧν τὸν μέγιστον Ῥωμαίων πρεσβευτὴν ἐτίμησεν ἐς τὰ μάλιστα. καὶ παροιμία: Αἱ Χάριτες γυμναί: ἤτοι ὅτι δεῖ ἀφελῶς καὶ ἀφανέρως χαρίζεσθαι: ἢ ὅτι αἱ Χάριτες τὸν ἑαυτῶν κόσμον ἀφῄρηνται. τρεῖς δὲ αἱ Χάριτες, Πειθώ, Ἀγλαί̈α καὶ Εὐφρόνη.
The headword is accusative plural, presumably extracted from the first quotation given.
[1] An approximation of part of Menander Protector fr. 18.6 Blockley, via the Excerpta de legationibus of Constantine Porphyrogenitus 158.
[2] cf. Zenobius 1.36; see also alphaiota 386 where the Suda mss read φανερῶς ("openly") -- as translated here -- rather than the αφανέρως ("in secret") which Adler prints.
[3] Again there is a variant reading in the quotation of this passage in alphaiota 386, which reads ἀχάριστοι ("those who lack the gifts of the graces") for this entry's Χάριτες ("the Graces"); cf. Zenobius 1.36.
[4] The earliest source we have for these names of the Graces is Hesiod, Theogony 907. (See web address 1 below.) Homer mentions the Graces several times, but only once gives a name: "Pasithea" (if Iliad 14.269 is genuine).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: art history; biography; clothing; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; mythology; proverbs; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 15 March 2008@04:07:18.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (modified translation, augmented notes, added keyword, raised status) on 15 March 2008@09:21:44.
Jennifer Benedict (cosmeticule) on 15 March 2008@11:57:27.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 16 March 2008@05:29:43.
David Whitehead (updated n.1) on 3 January 2012@07:48:40.
David Whitehead on 8 November 2013@05:16:54.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 8 November 2013@21:56:52.


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