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Headword: *xari/zesqai
Adler number: chi,110
Translated headword: to indulge, to please, to pleasure
Vetting Status: high
In common usage [this verb is used] as the majority [use it], but specifically [it is used] in reference to sex acts, or for submitting to someone in word. "Whether it is necessary to please you".[1] And elsewhere: "so that I would please you."[2]
Also [sc. attested is] "[they] indulging", [meaning they] giving favor. "They cut off his head, indulging a most unpleasant and diseased temperament."[3]
Greek Original:
*xari/zesqai: koinw=s me\n w(s oi( polloi/, i)di/ws de\ e)pi\ a)frodisi/wn, h)\ u(po\ tou= e)n lo/gw| u(pokatakli/nesqai. ei)/te soi dei= xari/zesqai. kai\ pa/lin: i(/na soi xari/swmai. kai\ *xarizo/menoi, xa/rin tiqe/menoi. oi( de\ th\n kefalh\n au)tou= a)pe/temon, a)xari/stw| nosh/mati tw=| qumw=| xarizo/menoi.
The first part of this entry reproduces one in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon. See also Etymologicum Genuinum, Etymologicum Magnum 807.19, and the scholia to Plato, Phaedrus 227C (web address 1 below).
[1] Plato, Parmenides 137A, has o(/mws de\ dei= ga\r xari/zesqai ("For it is necessary, nevertheless, to be obliging"). See web address 2 below.
[2] Plato, Theages 123A, has i(/na soi xarisw/meqa; see web address 3 below.
[3] Parts of Aelian fr. 210a and 210b Domingo-Forasté (209 Hercher); cf. alpha 4673 which quotes this passage at length, also kappa 1001.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 14 March 2008@13:03:53.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 March 2008@06:47:13.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, added cross-reference, upgraded links, raised status) on 22 October 2012@02:12:15.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 8 November 2013@05:00:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 December 2014@19:58:05.


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