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Headword: Βάρβιος
Adler number: beta,109
Translated headword: Barbios, Barbius
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"Philippicus;[1] this man held office in the time of the Three Tyrants.[2] He was obsequious in his manner and a flatterer, and yet he was numbered among the coterie of Antonius. And this office, at least, he held through Antonius' good graces. So it was when this fellow was high and mighty and wearing the purple robes of honor, conducting business and passing judgments from on high in the Roman forum, that his master arrived and recognized him as someone who had earlier been a runaway but at that point in time was parading around in luxury, glorying, and being conceited in his position. He approached him silently from behind, took hold of his cloak and said 'Hello,' addressing him with his original name as a slave. He immediately recognized his master and was thunderstruck. He begged him to be quiet and led him to his house, where he offered an enormous amount and eventually ended up buying himself. And to Antonius' shame a silence bought with silver descended upon this scandal. I, as you see, decided not to be silent about this joke of fortune also."
Greek Original:
Βάρβιος, Φιλιππικός: οὗτος ἐπὶ τῶν τριῶν τυράννων ἦρχε. θέραψ δὲ ἦν τὸν τρόπον καὶ κολακικὸς, καὶ μέντοι καὶ τῷ περὶ τὸν Ἀντώνιον θιάσῳ κατείλεκτο: καὶ ταύτην γε τὴν ἀρχὴν ἦρχε τὴν ἐκείνου χάριν. τοῦτόν τε οὖν τὸν τότε σοβαρὸν καὶ πορφυροῦν τῇ τιμῇ καὶ ἐν ἀγορᾷ τῇ Ῥωμαίων ὑψηλὸν διάγοντα καὶ δικάζοντα ὁ δεσπότης ἀνέγνω ἐλθὼν πρότερον μὲν ἀποδράντα, ἐν ἐκείνῳ δ' οὖν τοῦ καιροῦ πομπεύοντα ἁβρὸν καὶ κυδρούμενον καὶ σὺν τῇ ἀρχῇ θρυπτόμενον. καὶ προσελθὼν ἡσυχῇ κατόπιν θοιματίου λαβόμενος, χαῖρε, εἶπε, τὸ ὄνομα προσθεὶς τὸ ἀρχαῖόν τε καὶ δοῦλον. καὶ ἐκεῖνος ἐκπλήττεται ῥᾳδίως τὸν δεσπότην γνωρίσας καὶ δεῖται σιωπᾶν καὶ ἐς τὰ οἰκεῖα ἄγει, καὶ καταβαλὼν πάμπλειστα, εἶτα μέντοι ἑαυτὸν ἐλύσατο. καὶ αἰδοῖ Ἀντωνίου τῇ κηλῖδι τῇδε σιγὴ κατεχύθη ἀργυρώνητος. ἔκρινα δὴ καὶ ταύτην τῆς τύχης μὴ σιγῆσαι τὴν παιδιάν.
Notes:
Aelian fr. 66 Hercher (69 Domingo-Forasté); cf. theta 167, theta 232, theta 523, kappa 2619.
[1] Ostensibly the man's cognomen; it should probably be considered part of the headword rather than a gloss. Ulpian, Digest 1.14.3 (citing Pomponius), tells basically the same story but calls the man Barbarius Philippus, and specifies that the man was on the verge of assuming the praetorship before his background was revealed. Both tales may be a garbled recollection of M. Barbatius Pollio (on the name and his identity see Syme 1955: 57, 1961: 24-5), mentioned as a quaestor for M. Antonius by Appian, Civil War 5.120, and also named on his coinage (See Crawford 1974: 517.1-3). Barbatius' story seems to have been melded with the account of a certain Maximus who, according to Cassius Dio 48.34.5 was exposed as a slave before assuming the post of quaestor (in Rome, not in Antonius' entourage).
[2] That is, during the triumvirate (43 BCE onwards) of Octavian, Antony and Lepidus.
References:
Crawford, M.H. 1974. Roman Republican Coinage. 2 vols. Cambridge
Syme, R. 1955. "Missing Senators." Historia 4 (1955): 52-71
Syme, R. 1961. "Who was Vedius Pollio?" JRS 55 (1961): 23-30
Keywords: biography; chronology; clothing; constitution; daily life; economics; ethics; historiography; history; law; politics
Translated by: William Hutton on 3 October 2002@14:56:20.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 4 October 2002@03:32:39.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@09:35:06.
William Hutton (tweaked translation and augmented notes, added bibliography and keywords.) on 18 February 2008@07:02:40.
David Whitehead (more keywords; typo and other cosmetics) on 21 May 2012@06:58:04.

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