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Headword: Αἰσχίνης
Adler number: alphaiota,346
Translated headword: Aischines, Aeschines
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Charinos, a sausage-maker. [He was] a Socratic philosopher.[1] Some, though, say that he was the son of Lysanias.[2] [He was] an Athenian, of [the deme] Sphettos.[3] His dialogues [are entitled] Miltiades, Kallias, Rhinon, Aspasia, Axiochos, Telauges, Alkibiades,[4] and the ones called Preface-less - Phaidon, Polyainos, Drakon, Eryxias, On Excellence, Erasistratoi, [and] Skythikoi.[5]
Greek Original:
Αἰσχίνης, Χαρίνου, ἀλλαντοποιοῦ, φιλόσοφος Σωκρατικός. τινὲς δὲ Λυσανίου παῖδά φασιν, Ἀθηναῖον, Σφήττιον. διάλογοι δὲ αὐτοῦ Μιλτιάδης, Καλλίας, Ῥίνων, Ἀσπασία, Ἀξίοχος, Τηλαύγης, Ἀλκιβιάδης καὶ οἱ καλούμενοι Ἀκέφαλοι, Φαίδων, Πολύαινος, Δράκων, Ἐρυξίας, Περὶ ἀρετῆς, Ἐρασίστρατοι, Σκυθικοί.
Notes:
C4 BCE. See also alphaiota 349 and generally Michael Gagarin in OCD(4) p.26, under 'Aeschines(2) Socraticus'. (Not to be confused with his namesake alphaiota 347/alphaiota 348.)
For the Suda's material cf. generally Diogenes Laertius 2.60-64, at 60-61.
[1] That he belonged to the Socratic circle is attested by Plato, who mentions him at Apology 33E. In D.L. 2.60 it is he who is said to have urged Socrates to escape from prison -- the suggestion that Plato attributes to Crito in the dialogue of that name.
[2] This, rather than Charinos, is nowadays regarded as his correct patronymic. For Lysanias see under lambda 853; and see the note at sigma 829.
[3] See generally sigma 1743, sigma 1744.
[4] Many of these titles are the names of actual Athenians, past and present. Fragments survive -- in Giannantoni (1991), below -- of the Alkibiades and the Aspasia, two of these seven (= the seven listed together in D.L. 2.61 and called there 'stamped with a Socratic character').
[5] On this other seven see more fully in D.L. 2.61; he does not list them all but does call them (all) weak and un-Socratic, and mentions that some questioned their authorship. For what it is worth, the spuria of Plato contain an Eryxias and an On Excellence (as well as an Axiochos).
Reference:
Giannantoni, G. Socratis et Socraticorum Reliquiae (Naples: Bibliopolis 1991, 4 vols.), at 2.593-629
Keywords: biography; ethics; food; geography; philosophy; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 October 2000@09:39:59.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 4 September 2002@23:39:24.
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 5 September 2002@03:53:27.
Marcelo Boeri (Expanded note 1; added bibliography.) on 18 July 2003@21:46:10.
David Whitehead (added x-refs; cosmetics) on 22 August 2003@05:14:43.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 April 2008@06:48:39.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 14 October 2010@07:44:51.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 17 May 2012@05:29:36.
David Whitehead on 1 August 2014@04:47:42.

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