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Headword: Αἱρετώτερον
Adler number: alphaiota,293
Translated headword: preferable, more choiceworthy
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] more worthy of selection.
"What is preferable is not in a parallel relationship with what is better, but what is better is more than what is preferable. For what is preferable is only present in the preferable items, but what is better is present in other items as well. In fact, the investigation of what is better is present in theoretical, physical, and logical matters, for the one who investigates which substance is better, whether the movable or the unmovable, is dealing with a physical problem. He who investigates whether induction or deduction is better is a logician, and he who investigates whether prudence is more practical or more theoretical is a theoretician.[1]
Greek Original:
Αἱρετώτερον: προκριτώτερον. οὐκ ἐκ παραλλήλου κεῖται τὸ αἱρετώτερον τοῦ βελτίονος, ἀλλ' ἐπὶ πλεῖον τὸ βέλτιον τοῦ αἱρετωτέρου. τὸ μὲν γὰρ αἱρετώτερον ἐν τοῖς αἱρετοῖς καὶ μόνοις, τὸ δὲ βέλτιον καὶ ἐν ἄλλοις: καὶ γὰρ ἐν θεωρητικοῖς καὶ φυσικοῖς καὶ λογικοῖς ἡ ζήτησις ἡ τοῦ βελτίονος: ὁ γὰρ ζητῶν ποτέρα βελτίων οὐσία, ἡ κινουμένη ἢ ἀκίνητος, φυσικὸν μεταχειρίζεται πρόβλημα, λογικὸς δὲ ὁ ζητῶν πότερον βέλτιον ἐπαγωγὴ ἢ συλλογισμός, θεωρητικὸς δὲ ὁ ζητῶν πότερον ἡ φρόνησις πρακτικωτέρα ἢ θεωρητικωτέρα.
Same entry in ps.-Zonaras. The headword -- masculine accusative singular or neuter nominative/accusative singular of this comparative adjective (cf. alphaiota 291, alphaiota 292) -- might be extracted from the quotation given (where it is neuter), but there are many other possibilities, from Xenophon, Isocrates and Demosthenes onwards.
[1] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 220.14-20 and 219.10-11; cf. generally alphaiota 291.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 15 May 2001@12:36:00.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation, added note) on 9 September 2002@20:17:11.
David Whitehead (x-ref; cosmetics) on 15 June 2004@08:47:02.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 16 May 2012@07:10:54.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; more keywords; coding and other cosmetics) on 30 November 2015@04:22:35.


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