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Headword: Αἱρετόν
Adler number: alphaiota,291
Translated headword: preferable
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] desirable.[1]
[Something] is called this in three ways: [because it is] good, [because it is] pleasant, [or because it is] advantageous. Whatever has all of these and is preferable in each respect is more to be preferred than those things which do not have all of them, for example practical wisdom.[2]
And elsewhere: "the emperor Aurelian was more a forcible general than an elected emperor, and, being harsh and unapproachable in every situation, he did not remain clean even of the blood of his own family."[3]
Greek Original:
Αἱρετόν: ἐπιθυμητόν. τοῦτο τριχῶς λέγεται: τὸ καλόν, τὸ ἡδύ, τὸ συμφέρον. ᾧ δὴ ταῦτα πάντα ὑπάρχει καὶ διὰ πάντα αἱρετόν, τοῦτο τῶν μὴ πάντα ἐχόντων αἱρετώτερον: οἷον ἡ φρόνησις. καὶ αὖθις: ὁ δὲ Αὐρηλιανὸς ὁ βασιλεὺς μᾶλλον ἀναγκαῖος ἦν στρατηγὸς ἤπερ αἱρετὸς βασιλεύς, ἐν παντὶ καιρῷ δυσχερὴς ὢν καὶ ἀπρόσιτος, ὡς μηδὲ τῶν οἰκείων αἵματος διαμεῖναι καθαρός.
Notes:
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica. For the headword adjective see also alphaiota 292 and (comparative) alphaiota 293. Latte on Hesychius s.v. claims the present headword (masculine accusative singular or neuter nominative/accusative singular) as quoted from the Septuagint, e.g. Ecclesiasticus 20.25.
[2] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 271.5-8 & 11.
[3] John of Antioch fr. 155 FHG (4.599), now 235 Roberto; cf. alpha 4458.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 2 April 2003@18:55:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added keyword; cosmetics) on 3 April 2003@04:55:47.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; cosmetics) on 16 May 2012@06:51:12.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 18 May 2012@01:26:47.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 27 May 2012@00:09:44.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@04:17:11.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 29 January 2015@09:29:07.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; cosmetics) on 30 November 2015@04:13:02.

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