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Headword: Αἶνος
Adler number: alphaiota,230
Translated headword: tale, story
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning a] proverbial story. Or [intended as] praise, and encomium. There is a certain tale: how a man and not a man[1] killed me, a bird and not a bird, but just the same a bird, while sitting on a branch and not a branch, with a stone and not a stone. [The answers are] eunuch, bat,[2] reed, pumice.[3]
An αἶνος differs from a μῦθος in that the former is directed not at children but at adults, and not only for persuasion, but also [meant] to have a certain exhortation. For [αἶνος ] means in a cryptic way to instruct and teach something, just as Hesiod seems to have done in his poetry.[4]
A dread individual is [called] αἰνός with an acute accent.
Also [sc. attested is] αἶνος ,[5] [meaning] praise, hymn, glory.
Greek Original:
Αἶνος: λόγος παροιμιώδης. ἢ ἔπαινος, καὶ ἐγκώμιον. αἶνός τίς ἐστιν: ὡς ἀνήρ τε καὶ οὐκ ἀνήρ, ὄρνιθα κοὐκ ὄρνιθα, ὄρνιθα δ' ὅμως, ἐπὶ ξύλου με κοὐ ξύλου καθημένην, λίθῳ τε κοὐ λίθῳ με βαλὼν διώλεσεν. εὐνοῦχος, νυκτερίς, νάρθηξ, κίσσηρις. αἶνος διαφέρει μύθου τῷ τὸν αἶνον μὴ πρὸς παῖδας, ἀλλὰ πρὸς ἄνδρας πεποιῆσθαι καὶ μὴ πρὸς ψυχαγωγίαν μόνον, ἀλλὰ καὶ παραίνεσιν ἔχειν τινά. βούλεται γὰρ ἐπικρυπτόμενος παραινεῖν τι καὶ διδάσκειν: ὅπερ καὶ Ἡσίοδος φαίνεται πεποιηκώς. Αἰνὸς δὲ ὀξυτόνως ὁ δεινὸς ἄνθρωπος. καὶ Αἶνος, ἔπαινος, ὕμνος, δόξα.
Notes:
[1] Thus far in Photius and other lexica.
[2] cf. nu 578.
[3] From Clearchus (kappa 1714), On Riddles: see Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 10.452C-D (10.76 Kaibel).
[4] Julian, Oration 7, 202A-B; again at mu 1389. For Hesiod see Works and Days 202-12, the tale of the hawk and the nightingale.
[5] Accented as in the headword; thus this coda is semi-repetitious.
Keywords: children; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; mythology; poetry; proverbs; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 7 October 2002@20:17:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 8 October 2002@03:49:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 16 November 2005@08:06:13.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 May 2012@06:13:18.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 16 May 2012@00:20:13.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 14 January 2015@09:03:19.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaking) on 28 November 2015@07:33:19.

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