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Headword: Αἰγαῖον πέλαγος
Adler number: alphaiota,23
Translated headword: Aegean sea
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Thus called from a story. Theseus,[1] the son of Aegeus the king of Attica, ruled the Cretans and pursued the Minotaur into the area of the labyrinth and killed him when he was hidden in a cavern. He took to wife the woman Ariadne,[2] who had been born to Minos of Pasiphae, and thus he ruled Crete. Then he asked to go back to his father Aegeus and to announce his victory over the Minotaur. So as he was sailing to the land of Attica, one of the sea-faring merchants got a head start and lied to his father saying to him that the Cretans transgressed against Theseus (for they are under suspicion of being liars) and betrayed him to Minos to be a sacrifice. Aegeus believed him and with contempt hurled himself from the cliff into the sea and drowned. And so because of this even today the sea is called the Aegean. So Theseus came and found him dead. Despising the kingdom of Crete and his own wife Ariadne, he became king in Attica in place of his father.
From this [comes] also [the name] Aegean gulf.[3]
"So [the] Aegean sea [is] the most fearful."[4] But Αἴγαιον is the more Attic [accentuation].[5]
Greek Original:
Αἰγαῖον πέλαγος: οὕτω καλούμενον ἀπὸ ἱστορίας. Θησεὺς ὁ Αἰγέως υἱός, βασιλέως τῆς Ἀττικῆς, βασιλεύει Κρητῶν καὶ διώκει τὸν Μινώταυρον εἰς τὴν λαβυρίνθων χώραν καὶ κρυπτόμενον αὐτὸν ἐν σπηλαίῳ ἀνεῖλε καὶ λαμβάνει τὴν Ἀριάδνην γυναῖκα, τὴν ἀπὸ τοῦ Μίνωος τεχθεῖσαν τῇ Πασιφάῃ, καὶ οὕτω κρατεῖ τῆς Κρήτης. εἶτα ᾔτησεν ἀπελθεῖν πρὸς τὸν ἑαυτοῦ πατέρα τὸν Αἰγέα καὶ τὴν ἑαυτοῦ νίκην τὴν κατὰ τοῦ Μινωταύρου ἀπαγγεῖλαι. ὡς οὖν ἔπλει ἐπὶ τὴν Ἀττικὴν χώραν, προλαβών τις τῶν διὰ θαλάσσης ἐμπορευομένων ἐψεύσατο τὸν τούτου πατέρα, εἰρηκὼς αὐτῷ, ὅτι παρέβησαν οἱ Κρῆτες τὸν Θησέα [ἔχουσι γὰρ καὶ ψευδομένων ὑπολήψεις] καὶ προδεδώκασι τῷ Μίνωϊ τοῦτον εἰς θυσίαν. πιστεύσας δὲ ὁ Αἰγεὺς καὶ κατολιγωρήσας ἔρριψεν ἑαυτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς ἀκρωρείας εἰς τὴν θάλασσαν καὶ ἀπεπνίγη. διόπερ ἐκεῖνο τὸ πέλαγος μέχρι τῆς σήμερον Αἰγαῖον ἐκλήθη. ἐλθὼν οὖν ὁ Θησεὺς εὗρεν αὐτὸν τελευτήσαντα καὶ καταφρονήσας τῆς βασιλείας τῆς Κρήτης καὶ τῆς ἑαυτοῦ γυναικὸς Ἀριάδνης ἐβασίλευσεν ἀντὶ τοῦ πατρὸς ἐν τῇ Ἀττικῇ. ἐξ αὐτοῦ δὲ καὶ Αἰγαῖος κόλπος. Αἰγαῖον οὖν πέλαγος τὸ φοβερώτατον. Ἀττικώτερον δὲ τὸ Αἴγαιον.
Notes:
OCD(4) p.16, under 'Aegean Sea' and 'Aegeus'.
[1] See generally theta 364.
[2] alpha 3865.
[3] alphaiota 24.
[4] Artemidorus 2.12; again at alphaiota 28.
[5] Instead of Αἰγαῖον (Vendryes' Law).
Keywords: aetiology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 12 July 2000@09:15:51.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (Altered translation slightly; added cross-reference and keyword.) on 16 October 2000@01:35:37.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; added bibliography; cosmetics) on 16 August 2001@07:04:33.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 10 May 2012@08:04:14.
Catharine Roth (augmented note 5) on 11 May 2012@00:30:15.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 1 August 2014@04:26:07.

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