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Headword: Ἀχέρων
Adler number: alpha,4687
Translated headword: Acheron
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A river in Hades mentioned in myth; [sc. the name comes] from ἄχη ῥεῖν ["flowing in sorrow"].
And Aristophanes in Frogs, wishing to cause a scare, says: "and a blood-dripping Acherontian crag [will prevent your escape]." Because [he wishes to alarm] Dionysos.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἀχέρων: ποταμὸς ἐν ᾅδου μεμυθευμένος: παρὰ τὸ ἄχη ῥεῖν. καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης ἐν Βατράχοις ἐκφοβῆσαι θέλων φησίν: Ἀχερόντειός τε σκόπελος αἱματοσταγής. διὰ τὸν Διόνυσον.
Notes:
Though a real river (in Epeiros, NW Greece), the Acheron was also supposed, since Homer, to be an underworld one. See further alpha 4688.
[1] Same material in other lexica, including Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon.
[2] Aristophanes, Frogs 471 (which has Acherontios: web address 1), with scholion.
Reference:
OCD(4) s.v. (p.6)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology; religion
Translated by: Samuel Huskey on 9 June 2000@18:20:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes and bibliography; augmented keywords) on 20 March 2001@07:22:16.
David Whitehead (another note; betacode and other cosmetics) on 9 May 2012@07:07:39.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note, upgraded link) on 20 October 2013@23:11:42.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@05:06:40.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 18 November 2014@22:06:02.

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