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Headword: *)/axari
Adler number: alpha,4673
Translated headword: harsh
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] distressing.
"Having freed the prisoners-of-war to go outside the wall he set up a guard, lest they suffer something unpleasant at the hands of the soldiers, through their hate of the Parthians."[1]
And elsewhere: "he asked nothing about what [it is] unpleasant for a king/emperor to trust in his own enemies."[2]
And elsewhere: "the king of the Persians came into Roman territory, but did nothing harmful."[3]
"Indulging a most unpleasant and diseased temperament, [and] defiling the body with as many different indignities as he could."[4]
Greek Original:
*)/axari: luphro/n. o( de\ tou\s ai)xmalw/tous a)fei\s e)cio/ntas tou= tei/xous parefu/latten e)festhkw\s, mh/ ti u(po\ tw=n stratiwtw=n pa/qwsin a)/xari, mi/sei tw=| pro\s *parquai/ous. kai\ au)=qis: o( de\ e)dei=to mhde\n peri\ ou(= a)/xari pisteu/ein basile/a toi=s e(autou= e)xqroi=s. kai\ au)=qis: o( *persw=n basileu\s ei)sh=lqen ei)s th\n *(rwmai/wn gh=n, ou)de\n de\ e)/drasen a)/xari. a)xari/stw| nosh/mati tw=| qumw=| xarizo/menos, lu/mais o(/sais e)du/nato pantodapai=s to\ sw=ma lumhna/menos.
The headword, presumably extracted from the first quotation given (and also illustrated by the second and third), is neuter singular of the adjective in question; likewise already alpha 4672.
[1] Arrian, Parthica fr. 91 Roos-Wirth.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable.
[3] Procopius, History of the Wars of Justinian 1.2.11.
[4] Part of Aelian fr. 209 Hercher (210b Domingo-Forasté); cf. kappa 1001, chi 110.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 7 June 2001@18:53:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 8 June 2001@03:14:10.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 29 August 2002@03:51:21.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmstics) on 6 March 2011@06:13:24.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 9 May 2012@06:12:00.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, added cross-reference) on 22 October 2012@02:05:43.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2015@08:15:00.


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