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Headword: Αὐτοπαθῶς
Adler number: alpha,4515
Translated headword: candidly, from one's own experience
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Polybius [writes]: "cross-examined about each man he spoke in reply; he supported the inquiries nothing other than candidly and nobly."[1]
And elsewhere: "Hannibal was believed, since he seemed to have spoken both candidly and truthfully."[2]
So αὐτοπαθῶς [means] innately, from one's own character.
"Accordingly Antiochus thought what had been said by Hannibal against the Romans [was said] candidly and truthfully, and he abandoned his former suspicion."[3]
Greek Original:
Αὐτοπαθῶς: Πολύβιος: ὁ δὲ ἀνακρινόμενος ὑπὲρ ἑκάστου ἀπεδίδου λόγον: οὐ μὴν ἀλλ' αὐτοπαθῶς καὶ γενναίως ὑπέμενε τοὺς ἐλέγχους. καὶ αὖθις: ὁ δὲ Ἀννίβας δόξας αὐτοπαθῶς ἅμα καὶ ἀληθῶς εἰρηκέναι πιστεύεται. Αὐτοπαθῶς οὖν, οἴκοθεν, ἐξ ἰδίας προαιρέσεως. ὁ μὲν οὖν Ἀντίοχος δόξας αὐτοπαθῶς ἅμα καὶ ἀληθῶς εἰρῆσθαι παρὰ τοῦ Ἀννίβου κατὰ Ῥωμαίων, πάσης τῆς προϋπαρχούσης ὑποψίας ἀπέστη.
Notes:
The headword adverb is illustrated by all three of the quotations given.
[1] Polybius 8.17.7-8, initially abridged.
[2] Adler tentatively asssigned this quotation to Appian, but on no discernible basis. In fact [DW] the phraseology is uncannily like that of the Polybius passage about to be quoted, and latterly Favuzzi [see under alpha 1596] 202-203 has proposed an attribution to that author.
[3] Polybius 3.12.1.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 August 2001@17:37:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified note; cosmetics) on 9 August 2001@05:13:18.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 March 2011@05:14:57.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; tweaking) on 3 May 2012@07:56:25.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded n.2) on 4 June 2013@04:34:24.

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