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Headword: Αὐτοπαθῶς
Adler number: alpha,4515
Translated headword: candidly, from one's own experience
Vetting Status: high
Polybius [writes]: "cross-examined about each man he spoke in reply; he supported the inquiries nothing other than candidly and nobly."[1]
And elsewhere: "Hannibal was believed, since he seemed to have spoken both candidly and truthfully."[2]
So αὐτοπαθῶς [means] innately, from one's own character.
"Accordingly Antiochus thought what had been said by Hannibal against the Romans [was said] candidly and truthfully, and he abandoned his former suspicion."[3]
Greek Original:
Αὐτοπαθῶς: Πολύβιος: ὁ δὲ ἀνακρινόμενος ὑπὲρ ἑκάστου ἀπεδίδου λόγον: οὐ μὴν ἀλλ' αὐτοπαθῶς καὶ γενναίως ὑπέμενε τοὺς ἐλέγχους. καὶ αὖθις: ὁ δὲ Ἀννίβας δόξας αὐτοπαθῶς ἅμα καὶ ἀληθῶς εἰρηκέναι πιστεύεται. Αὐτοπαθῶς οὖν, οἴκοθεν, ἐξ ἰδίας προαιρέσεως. ὁ μὲν οὖν Ἀντίοχος δόξας αὐτοπαθῶς ἅμα καὶ ἀληθῶς εἰρῆσθαι παρὰ τοῦ Ἀννίβου κατὰ Ῥωμαίων, πάσης τῆς προϋπαρχούσης ὑποψίας ἀπέστη.
The headword adverb is illustrated by all three of the quotations given.
[1] Polybius 8.17.7-8, initially abridged.
[2] Adler tentatively asssigned this quotation to Appian, but on no discernible basis. In fact [DW] the phraseology is uncannily like that of the Polybius passage about to be quoted, and latterly Favuzzi [see under alpha 1596] 202-203 has proposed an attribution to that author.
[3] Polybius 3.12.1.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 August 2001@17:37:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified note; cosmetics) on 9 August 2001@05:13:18.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 March 2011@05:14:57.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; tweaking) on 3 May 2012@07:56:25.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded n.2) on 4 June 2013@04:34:24.


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