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Headword: *au)/leios
Adler number: alpha,4443
Translated headword: courtyard [door]
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the first door of the house [sc. as one enters] from the street.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the accusative plural] 'courtyard doors.' And for the singular they say auleion as we [do]. Aristophanes in Danaids [writes]: " bury the head of a hedgehog by the hinge of the courtyard [door]."[2]
But aulion and proaulion [forecourt] [are] neuter.
Greek Original:
*au)/leios: h( a)po\ th=s o(dou= prw/th qu/ra th=s oi)ki/as. *au)lei/ous qu/ras. kai\ e(niko\n au)/leion le/gousin w(s h(mei=s. *)aristofa/nhs *danai/+si: pro\s to\n strofe/a th=s au)lei/as e)xi/nou kefalh=s katoru/ttein. *au)/lion de\ kai\ proau/lion ou)dete/rws.
Abridged from Harpokration s.v., who cites Menander fr. 546.2 Sandbach.
[1] cf. alpha 4436.
[2] Aristophanes fr. 255 Kock (now 266 K.A.), here garbled: "head" should be accusative, not genitive, and what is buried should be a head of schinos, i.e. mastich or lentisk-berry.
Keywords: botany; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 29 January 2002@00:13:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 29 January 2002@05:16:30.
David Whitehead (added note) on 28 August 2002@03:06:25.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 22 January 2008@06:46:24.
David Whitehead (expanded notes; cosmetics) on 1 July 2011@04:41:01.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 22 December 2014@07:26:04.
David Whitehead (typo; updated a ref) on 30 December 2014@11:07:55.


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