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Headword: Ἀσωτία
Adler number: alpha,4194
Translated headword: prodigality
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] error.[1]
"And to shun each equally -- not incurring necessary costs, and incurring unnecessary ones -- on the basis that the latter is prodigality, whether quite great or rather paltry, and the former stinginess."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the related adjective] ἄσωτος ["prodigal"], [meaning] one who is ruined and not liable to be saved. Sophocles [writes]: "or of the prodigal line of Sisyphus."[3]
Also [sc. attested is the related adverb] ἀσώτως ["prodigally"], [meaning] shamefully.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἀσωτία: ἡ ἁμαρτία. ἑκάτερον ὁμοίως ἀποστρέφεσθαι, τό τε δέον μὴ ποιεῖσθαι ἀνάλωμα καὶ τὸ μὴ δέον ποιεῖσθαι, ὡς τοῦτο μὲν ἀσωτίαν οὖσαν, εἴτε μείζω εἴτε φαυλοτέραν, ἐκεῖνο δὲ σμικρολογίαν. καὶ Ἄσωτος, ὁ ἐξώλης, ὁ σῴζεσθαι μὴ ὀφείλων. Σοφοκλῆς: ἢ τῆς ἀσώτου Σισυφιδῶν γενεᾶς. καὶ Ἀσώτως, αἰσχρῶς.
Notes:
[1] Adler reports a similar entry in the Ambrosian Lexicon.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable.
[3] Sophocles, Ajax 190 (which reads Σισυφιδᾶν for the lexicon's Σισυφιδῶν : web address 1 below), preceded by comment from the scholia there.
[4] Same glossing in other lexica; probably quoted (as Latte on Hesychius s.v. claims) from the New Testament (Luke 15.13).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: Christianity; definition; economics; ethics; mythology; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 31 December 2001@18:32:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note) on 1 January 2002@06:19:23.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 December 2005@05:38:53.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link, expanded notes, cosmetics) on 12 October 2011@22:50:40.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 25 April 2012@05:54:15.
David Whitehead on 1 September 2015@09:06:07.
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode) on 27 November 2015@23:54:43.

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