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Headword: *)artemisi/a
Adler number: alpha,4030
Translated headword: Artemisia
Vetting Status: high
This woman was outstanding in serving [the] Persians; because of her the king said that the men had become women and the women men.[1]
Two Artemisias[2] existed,[3] Carian by nationality and queens both. The first of them lived in the Persian [era]; the younger, of whom Demosthenes makes mention in the [speech] On the freedom of the Rhodians, was daughter of Hekatomnos and both wife and sister of Mausolos.[4]
Greek Original:
*)artemisi/a: au(/th h)ri/steuse kata\ *persw=n: di' h(\n ei)=pen o( basileu\s, w(s oi( a)/ndres gunai=kes gego/nasin, ai( de\ gunai=kes a)/ndres. *)artemisi/ai de\ du/o gego/nasi, *karikai\ ge/nos kai\ basili/des a)mfo/terai, w(=n h( me\n prw/th ge/gone kata\ *persi/da, h( de\ newte/ra, h(=s kai\ *dhmosqe/nhs e)n th=| peri\ th=s *(rodi/wn e)leuqeri/as mnhmoneu/ei, quga/thr me\n h)=n *(ekato/mnou, gunh\ de\ kai\ a)delfh\ *mausw/lou.
[1] Xerxes, in Herodotos 8.88.3 (web address 1); cf. also Herodotus 7.99 (web address 2) and 8.68 (web address 3).
[2] The source now becomes Harpokration s.v. (here abridged).
[3] See the adjacent entries in OCD(4) p.177.
[4] Demosthenes 15.11 (web address 4) and 27 (web address 5). For Hekatomnos see epsilon 367.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 October 2000@09:09:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 25 August 2002@08:11:35.
William Hutton (added links and keyword, set status) on 26 June 2003@07:52:30.
David Whitehead (added x-ref; cosmetics) on 26 June 2003@08:03:58.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 June 2011@09:34:51.
David Whitehead on 31 July 2014@03:58:50.


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