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Headword: *)aristo/dhmos
Adler number: alpha,3914
Translated headword: Aristodemos, Aristodemus
Vetting Status: high
Son of Aristokrates; tyrant of Italian Cumae; a man who because of his birth was not just an ordinary man; he was called 'Softy'[1] by the citizens -- and in time the nickname was more familiar than his [real] name -- either because he was an effeminate boy and let himself be treated like a girl, or because he was by nature mild and slow to anger.
Greek Original:
*)aristo/dhmos, *)aristokra/tous, *ku/mhs th=s *)italiw/tidos tu/rannos, a)nh\r ou) tw=n e)pituxo/ntwn e(/neka ge/nous: o(\s e)kalei=to malako\s u(po\ tw=n a)stw=n kai\ su\n xro/nw| gnwrimwte/ran tou= o)no/matos e)/sxe th\n klh=sin, ei)/q' o(/ti qhludri/as e)ge/neto pai=s w)\n kai\ ta\ gunaici\n a(rmo/ttonta e)/pasxen, ei)/q' o(/ti pra=os h)=n fu/sei kai\ malako\s e)s o)rgh/n.
From Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 7.2.4. On Aristodemos, who ruled 504-c.490, see generally OCD(4) p.156, under 'Aristodemus(2) Malacus'.
[1] Malakos, literally soft or gentle, but also with connotations of being effete, or weak, physically and morally.
Keywords: biography; constitution; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; medicine; politics
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 July 2001@16:42:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 31 July 2001@04:15:19.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 24 August 2002@11:49:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 10 November 2005@09:00:49.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 January 2006@10:05:39.
David Whitehead on 12 April 2012@05:08:52.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:30:43.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 31 October 2015@00:55:29.


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