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Headword: *)apoplhci/a
Adler number: alpha,3480
Translated headword: apoplexy
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] an affliction.
A madness, an insanity.
"Marcus Verus, brother of Antoninus [and] emperor of the Romans, passed away unexpectedly, when a mass of serous discharge and air[1] held back his respiration - the condition, of course, that slaves of doctors call apoplexy."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the related adjective] a)po/plhktos ["apoplectic"], he who has suffered [sc. from apoplexy].[3]
Greek Original:
*)apoplhci/a: qli/yis. mani/a, a)/noia. o(/ti *ma/rkos *bh=ros, *)antwni/nou a)delfo\s, basileu\s *(rwmai/wn, a)dokh/tws diafqei/retai, plh/qous i)xw=ro/s te kai\ pneu/matos e)pisxo/ntos oi( th\n a)napnoh/n: o(\ dh\ pa/qos a)poplhci/an pai=des i)atrw=n o)noma/zousi. kai\ *)apo/plhktos, o( peponqw/s.
[1] The serous discharge and the air were supposed to be different parts of the blood.
[2] Aelian fr. 207 Domingo-Forasté (206 Hercher); cf. Eutropius, Breviarium 8.10. On Lucius [sic] Verus, adoptive brother of Marcus Aurelius and co-emperor with him 161-169, see generally OCD(4) p.1543. In modern-day terms his death was caused by a stroke.
[3] For this word in another sense see under gamma 323.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history; medicine
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 4 June 2001@00:48:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 4 June 2001@09:14:47.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 21 August 2002@09:31:53.
David Whitehead (x-ref; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 March 2011@10:29:51.
David Whitehead (tweaked notes) on 4 April 2012@06:40:04.
Catharine Roth (updated reference) on 21 October 2012@02:24:23.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@08:21:04.
David Whitehead on 28 August 2015@07:59:18.


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