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Headword: Ἀνέχομαι
Adler number: alpha,2364
Translated headword: I despise, I support, I tolerate
Vetting Status: high
[Used] with a genitive.[1] "I despise you in your boldness." Also[2] [sc. attested is] ἀνέχομεν ["we support"], meaning we exalt.
Aristophanes [writes]: "whenever we support the holy rites at times sacred to the two goddesses." Whenever we hold the mysteries, he is saying, of the goddesses, Demeter and Persephone, whenever we exalt the ceremonies; for we worship them [i.e. the goddesses] with songs. This is [what] we support [means].[3]
The [verb] ἀνέχομαι means I despise [when it is used] with a genitive; but I tolerate with an accusative.[4] "For I do not tolerate the sun on my bare head."[5] But ἀνέχομαι [when it means I despise is] always with a genitive. "I despise you in your boldness".[6] And the physician "tolerates bad smells".[7] "Unless it is somehow obvious, [he] would not tolerate the story as [being] false."[8]
Greek Original:
Ἀνέχομαι: μετὰ γενικῆς. ἀνέχομαί σου τοῦ θράσους. καὶ Ἀνέχομεν, ἀντὶ τοῦ αὐξάνομεν. Ἀριστοφάνης: ὅταν ὄργια σεμνὰ θεαῖν ἱεραῖς ὥραις ἀνέχωμεν. ὅταν τὰ μυστήρια αὔξωμεν, φησὶν, τῶν θεῶν, Δημήτρας καὶ Περσεφόνης, ὅταν τὰς τελετὰς αὔξωμεν: τοῖς γὰρ ὕμνοις ἐπαίρομεν αὐτάς. τοῦτό ἐστι τὸ ἀνέχομεν. ὅτι τὸ Ἀνέχομαι, ἀντὶ τοῦ καταφρονῶ, μετὰ γενικῆς: τὸ δὲ ὑπομένω, μετὰ αἰτιατικῆς. οὐ γὰρ ἀνέχομαι τὸν ἥλιον γυμνῇ τῇ κεφαλῇ. ὁ δὲ ἀνέχομαι ἀεὶ γενικῇ. ἀνέχομαί σου τοῦ θράσους. καὶ ὁ ἰατρὸς δυσωδίας ἀνέχεται. εἰ μή πώς ἐστι φανερὸν, τὸν λόγον ὡς ψευδῆ οὐκ ἠνέσχετο.
For this verb, here initially in the middle voice, see already alpha 2361, alpha 2362, alpha 2363.
[1] cf. eta 381.
[2] Everything in the entry up to this point appears only in certain manuscripts.
[3] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 948 (web address 1), with comment from the scholia there.
[4] The entry in LSJ s.v. shows little difference in meaning between ἀνέχομαι with genitive and with accusative. See web address 2.
[5] Quotation unidentifiable.
[6] This quotation, given already above in some mss, comes from the Life of Barlaam and Joasaph attributed to John of Damascus.
[7] Twice in the speeches of Gregory of Nazianzus.
[8] Quotation unidentifiable.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: Christianity; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; medicine; meter and music; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 5 November 2000@01:42:27.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 August 2002@04:28:09.
Catharine Roth (changed to betacode) on 8 October 2005@00:41:14.
Catharine Roth (more betacode; simplified links) on 8 October 2005@00:43:41.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 30 August 2006@21:36:16.
David Whitehead (corrected note number; other cosmetics) on 31 August 2006@02:58:51.
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented notes, inc source-identifications; more keywords) on 9 March 2012@04:48:30.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 26 September 2013@00:12:04.
David Whitehead on 15 July 2015@06:02:28.


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