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Headword: Ἀγαθοῦ Δαίμονος
Adler number: alpha,122
Translated headword: of the Good Spirit
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The ancients had a custom after dinner of drinking 'of the Good Spirit', by taking an extra quaff of unmixed [wine]; and they call this 'of the Good Spirit',[1] but when they are ready to depart, 'of Zeus the Savior'. And this is what they called the second [day] of the month.[2] But there was also in Thebes a hero-shrine of the Good Spirit.
But others say that the first drinking vessel was called this.[3]
Aristotle composed a book On the Good in which he delineated the unwritten doctrines of Plato. Aristotle mentions the composition in the first [book] of On the Soul, calling it On Philosophy.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἀγαθοῦ Δαίμονος: ἔθος εἶχον οἱ παλαιοὶ μετὰ τὸ δεῖπνον πίνειν Ἀγαθοῦ Δαίμονος, ἐπιρροφοῦντες ἄκρατον, καὶ τοῦτο λέγειν Ἀγαθοῦ Δαίμονος, χωρίζεσθαι δὲ μέλλοντες, Διὸς Σωτῆρος. καὶ ἡμέραν δὲ τὴν δευτέραν τοῦ μηνὸς οὕτως ἐκάλουν. καὶ ἐν Θήβαις δὲ ἦν ἡρῷον Ἀγαθοῦ Δαίμονος. ἄλλοι δέ φασι τὸ πρῶτον ποτήριον οὕτω λέγεσθαι. ὅτι περὶ τἀγαθοῦ βιβλίον συντάξας Ἀριστοτέλης, τὰς ἀγράφους τοῦ Πλάτωνος δόξας ἐν αὐτῷ κατατάττει. καὶ μέμνηται τοῦ συντάγματος Ἀριστοτέλης ἐν τῷ πρώτῳ περὶ ψυχῆς, ἐπονομάζων αὐτὸ περὶ φιλοσοφίας.
Notes:
The first paragraph here is paralleled (in general terms) in Photius and other lexica, and also in the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 300, where this genitive-case phrase occurs.
See also alpha 966.
[1] cf. Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 15.675B-C (15.17 Kaibel), where the G.S. is equated, not necessarily correctly, with Dionysos.
[2] cf. Hesychius s.v., and see generally J.D. Mikalson, The Sacred and Civil Calendar of the Athenian Year (Princeton 1975) 15 for this and other evidence and modern discussion (not confined to Athens).
[3] From alpha 966.
[4] Aristotle, de anima 404b19; cf. Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topics 75.32-35.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; geography; philosophy; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 1 April 2001@00:18:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 25 April 2002@03:46:05.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 22 December 2011@07:23:37.

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