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Headword: Ἀλείφατι
Adler number: alpha,1165
Translated headword: (with) anointment
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning with] oil, or another unguent.[1]
The standard: that the [derivatives] from ἀλείφω , if they are formed with a pi, are also written with a diphthong, such as ἀλειπτόν ["anointed"] or ἀλείπτης ["anointer"]. But if they are formed with a phi, then if they are compound they are written with an iota, [like] πισσαλιφής ["pitch-smeared, tarred"], ἀνηλιφής ["unanointed"]. But if [they are] simple, [they are written] with a diphthong, such as ἄλειφαρ ["anointing-oil"].[2]
Greek Original:
Ἀλείφατι: ἐλαίῳ, ἢ ἑτέρῳ ἀλείμματι. κανών: ὅτι τὰ παρὰ τὸ ἀλείφω, εἰ μὲν διὰ τοῦ π ἐκφέρονται καὶ διὰ διφθόγγου γράφονται, οἷον ἀλειπτὸν ἀλείπτης. εἰ δὲ διὰ τοῦ φ, εἰ μὲν ὦσι σύνθετα, διὰ τοῦ ι γράφονται, πισσαλιφής, ἀνηλιφής. εἰ δὲ ἁπλᾶ, διὰ τῆς ει διφθόγγου, οἷον ἄλειφαρ.
Notes:
The dative headword has the same or similar glossing in other lexica; it is evidently quoted from somewhere. (There are three instances in the early part of Homer, Iliad 24, and Latte on Hesychius s.v. regards the source as the first of them: 24.45.)
[1] cf. generally alpha 1154, alpha 1158.
[2] Likewise or similarly in other lexica and grammars.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 6 May 2000@16:25:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 12 June 2002@08:16:15.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, added betacode) on 16 March 2006@11:16:58.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords) on 5 February 2012@07:22:50.
David Whitehead on 30 May 2015@08:25:42.

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