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Headword: Atoma
Adler number: alpha,4373
Translated headword: atoms
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning things that are] most/very subtle.[1]
Those things that cannot be cut because of their utmost subtlety.[2]
The Greeks also called bodies "atomic" and partless[3] due to their imperviousness or extreme smallness, since they are unable to admit cut or division. Thus they call the most subtle and smallest bodies, [the ones] which, thrown in through its enlightenings, the sun in itself shows swaying upwards and downwards.[4]
Greek Original:
Atoma: leptotata. ta mê dunamena dia tên akran leptotêta temnesthai. hoti atoma ônomasan hoi Hellênes kai amerê sômata dia to apathes ê smikron agan, hate mê tomên ê diairesin dexasthai dunamena. houtô de kalousi ta leptotata kai smikrotata sômata, ha dia tôn phôtagôgôn eisballomena ho hêlios deiknusin en heautôi anô kai katô pallomena.
The headword is neuter plural.
[1] = Synagoge alpha1060; Photius, Lexicon alpha3103.
[2] Similar glossing in Hesychius and (according to Adler) the Ambrosian Lexicon.
[3] See already alpha 1554.
[4] George the Monk, Chronicon 81.11-16.
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 13 August 2001@16:40:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 27 August 2002@06:23:23.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 29 April 2012@04:25:21.
William Hutton (augmented note, typo) on 21 August 2013@11:34:10.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 21 August 2013@13:39:31.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 November 2014@00:50:57.
David Whitehead on 10 September 2015@07:25:21.


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