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Headword: Aristippos
Adler number: alpha,3908
Translated headword: Aristippus, Aristippos
Vetting Status: high
Son of Aritades, from Cyrene, a philosopher, a pupil of Socrates; by whom the sect called Cyrenaic began.[1]
He was the first of the Socratics to take wages. He was on bad terms with Xenophon,[2] and he was able to adapt himself to both time and place. And he enjoyed what things were at hand and pursued pleasure, but he did not by toil chase after the enjoyment of things which he did not have. Hence Diogenes called him the "king's dog".[3] His sayings [were] the best and greatest. His daughter Arete[4] learned [from him], whose [student was] her son the young Aristippos, who was named Mother-taught, and his [student was] Theodoros, who was called "Godless", then "God"; and his [student was] Antipater,[5] and his [student was] Epitimedes of Cyrene,[6] his Paraibates, his Hegesias the Advocate of Death [by suicide],[7] and his Annikeris, who ransomed Plato.[8]
Greek Original:
Aristippos: Aritadou, apo Kurênês, philosophos, Sôkratous akoustês: aph' houper hê Kurênaïkê klêtheisa hairesis êrxato. prôtos de tôn Sôkratikôn misthous epraxato. Xenophônti de eiche dusmenôs, kai ên hikanos harmosasthai kai chronôi kai topôi. kai tôn men parontôn apelaue kai hêdonên metediôke, ponôi de apolausin oudemian ethêra tôn ou parontôn. hothen Diogenês basilikon kuna auton ekalei. apophthegmata de autou pleista kai arista. diêkouse de autou hê thugatêr Arêtê, aph' hês ho pais autês ho neos Aristippos, hos eklêthê Mêtrodidaktos, hou Theodôros, ho Atheos epiklêtheis, eita Theos: tou de Antipatros, tou de Epitimêdês ho Kurênaios, tou de Paraibatês, tou de Hêgêsias ho Peisithanatos, tou de Annikeris, ho Platôna lutrôsamenos.
C5/4 BCE. See generally OCD(4) p.155, s.v. 'Aristippus(1)'. The present entry derives, after the introductory sentence, from Diogenes Laertius 2.65-66 and 2.86. There is more under alpha 3909.
[1] Again at kappa 2758.
[2] xi 47, xi 48.
[3] Or "Royal Cynic".
[4] alpha 3855.
[5] Diog. Laert. 2.86 records Antipater of Cyrene as a student of Aristippus, not of Theodorus as the Suda here suggests.
[6] epsilon 2694.
[7] pi 1471.
[8] For Annikeris see alpha 2466. (It is chronologically impossible for him to have 'ransomed Plato', even if -- as apparently in Diog.Laert. -- both he and Hegesias were pupils of Paraibates.)
Keywords: biography; children; chronology; economics; ethics; geography; philosophy; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 31 July 2001@11:32:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 1 August 2001@04:16:55.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 21 June 2004@04:36:40.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2005@05:40:09.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 27 November 2005@09:39:25.
David Whitehead (typo) on 7 February 2007@06:31:35.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 12 April 2012@04:49:20.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:27:22.
David Whitehead on 31 August 2015@05:25:03.


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