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Headword: Aristainos
Adler number: alpha,3897
Translated headword: Aristainos, Aristaenus
Vetting Status: high
"The Achaeans Philopoemen and Aristaenus were alike in having neither a single nature nor a [single] political standpoint. For indeed Philopoemen was well-suited for the field of war both in body and in spirit, but the other [was suited for] the politics and logistics of deliberations. This is how the opinion of each concerning politics differed from the other. Since the supremacy of the Romans was already completely obvious in Greek affairs in the time [of the wars] against Philip and Antiochus, Aristaenus[1] conducted his political affairs so that he would be ready to be of complete service to the Romans, sometimes even [acting] before they gave the order. However, he tried to seem to follow the laws and to attract such a reputation [for doing so], yielding whenever any of those [laws] clearly contradicted the written [instructions] of the Romans. Philopoemen, on the other hand, agreed with and helped implement without hesitation all requests that were in accordance with the laws and with the treaty; but he was not able willingly to comply with such [requests] as were beyond [the laws and treaty arrangements], but said that it was necessary for the officials to argue their point of view and first and put it as a request afterwards; if, though, they could not persuade [the Romans] even by this, [he said that] they should yield in the end, as if invoking witnesses,[2] and then execute the order."
Greek Original:
Aristainos: Philopoimên kai Aristainos hoi Achaioi sunebêsan ou tên phusin mian schein, oute tên hairesin tês politeias. ên gar ho men Philopoimên eu pephukôs pros tas polemikas chreias kai kata sôma kai kata psuchên, ho d' heteros pros ta politika kai logika tôn diabouliôn. têi d' hairesei kata tên politeian touto diepheron allêlôn. tês gar Rhômaiôn huperochês êdê tois Hellênikois pragmasin emplekomenês holoscherôs, kata te tous Philippikous kai Antiochikous kairous Aristainetos êge tên agôgên tês politeias houtôs, hôste pan to prosphoron men Rhômaiois ex hetoimou poiein, enia de kai prin ê prostaxai ekeinous. epeirato mentoige tôn nomôn echesthai dokein, kai tên toiautên epheilketo phantasian, eikôn hopote toutôn antipiptoi tis prodêlôs tois hupo Rhômaiôn graphomenois. ho de Philopoimên, hosa men eiê tôn prokaloumenôn akoloutha tois nomois kai têi summachiai, panta sunkatêinei kai sunepratten aprophasistôs, hosa de toutôn ektos epitattoien, ouch hoios t' ên ethelontês sunupakouein, alla tas men archas ephê dein dikaion hêgeisthai, meta de tauta palin axioun. ei de mêd' houtô peithoien, telos hoion epimarturomenous eikein kai tote poiein to parangellomenon.
From Polybius 24.11. See phi 409 for more on Philopoemen.
[1] Here the name appears mistakenly as Aristaenetus.
[2] To confirm that they were acting under duress.
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, iii (Oxford 1979) 264-6
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; medicine; politics
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 12 July 2001@12:56:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes, bibliography, keyword; cosmetics) on 13 July 2001@05:39:43.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 16 November 2005@07:42:46.
David Whitehead (typo) on 18 April 2006@06:15:55.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 April 2012@04:24:06.


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