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Headword: Apestin
Adler number: alpha,3069
Translated headword: is away
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Meaning [he/she/it] is removed. Aristophanes [writes]: "he is away in Thrace guarding Eucrates."[1] This man was a general of the Athenians, [also] called Stygax,[2] a bribe-taker and a traitor who was killed by the Thirty.[3] Some [say] by drinking hemlock.
But [it was] wolf's bane.[4]
Greek Original:
Apestin: anti tou aphestêken: Aristophanês: apestin epi Thraikês phulattôn Eukratê. houtos ên stratêgos Athênaiôn, ho kaloumenos Stugax, dôrodokos kai prodotês, hos apôleto hupo tôn l#. hoi de hôs piôn kôneion. akoniton de.
Notes:
[1] Aristophanes, Lysistrata 103 (web address 1), with scholion.
[2] So again at sigma 1248 -- but more probably Styppax (Hempy, implying hemp-seller): see sigma 1257. Henderson (below) 79-80 reckons that the Aristophanic scholia -- on which the present entry depends -- have conflated more than one man called Eukrates; be that as it may, the principal one was a younger brother of Nikias; see generally on him J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families 600-300 BC (Oxford 1971) 404.
[3] The Thirty Tyrants were Athenian oligarchs granted power by Lysander (cf. lambda 852) after Athens' defeat in the Peloponnesian War (404 BCE); cf. kappa 2448, delta 234, and OCD(4) s.v p. 1469.
[4] Also wolfsbane, monkshood, mousebane, etc. An attractive, flowering group of plants with yellow, blue, or purple blooms -- native to the northern hemisphere, and Europe in particular -- but comprising species that belong to the generally lethally poisonous genus Aconitum. The wolfsbane mentioned here is probably Aconitum vulparia (wolfsbane) or A.lycotonum (northern wolfsbane) (Polunin, no. 208, p. 98; cf. Tutin, pp. 211-212).
References:
Aristophanes, Lysistrata, edited with introduction and commentary by Jeffrey Henderson (Oxford 1987)
O. Polunin, Flowers of Europe (London 1969)
T.G. Tutin, et al., eds., Flora Europaea, vol. 1, (Cambridge 1964)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; biography; botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; history; military affairs; politics; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 28 January 2001@22:28:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 15 March 2001@08:08:43.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2002@03:20:14.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; cosmetics) on 11 October 2004@04:04:09.
Catharine Roth (added italics) on 11 October 2004@18:46:38.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 11 October 2004@18:50:10.
Catharine Roth (updated link) on 4 November 2011@01:15:32.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 March 2012@06:52:41.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2015@11:10:32.
Ronald Allen (added notes, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 12 July 2018@23:14:23.
David Whitehead (note cosmetic) on 13 July 2018@02:49:36.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.4, added bibliographical entry) on 16 July 2018@23:10:07.

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