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Headword: *zhlw=
Adler number: zeta,62
Translated headword: I envy, I emulate, I admire, I am zealous
Vetting Status: high
[Used] with a dative.[1] "I was zealous to be zealous for the Lord."[2] But [sc. also] with an accusative, [as in] "emulate Peter".[3]
Greek Original:
*zhlw=: dotikh=|. zhlw=n e)zh/lwka tw=| kuri/w|. ai)tiatikh=| de/, zh/lwson *pe/tron.
A marginal gloss (classified as syntactic by Adler) from ms A. Apparently from the Lexicon Syntacticum in Anecdota Graeca (Cramer 1836), with some modification made by the Suda contributer.
[1] This use of the verb with a dative of advantage is found only in patristic and Byzantine literature (Theodorus Studites, Hesychius Ecclesiasticus, John Chrysostom, Theophylact Simocatta), quoting directly or indirectly a Septuagint phrase (see next note). In Latin the verb zelo when used in this sense occurs with pro plus ablative.
[2] 3 Kingdoms 19.10, repeated 19.14. (In the Vulgate: zelo zelatus sum pro Domino Deo.) This repetition of the verb is employed by some writers of the Byzantine age, particularly Theodorus Studites (Epistles 212, 307, Sermones Catechesos Magnae 62.174).
[3] Probably taken from the same Lexicon Syntacticum as the rest of the entry (see introductory note). In any event, the original source seems to be John Chrysostom: Ad populum Antiochenum 49.24 or Eclogae 73.712.
Keywords: Christianity; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; religion
Translated by: Stefano Sanfilippo on 1 June 2005@15:32:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; removed a keyword; streamlined notes) on 2 June 2005@03:26:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks) on 31 July 2011@06:21:15.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 29 November 2012@06:01:48.
Catharine Roth (deleted link) on 2 December 2012@23:42:44.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 March 2015@00:46:23.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 March 2015@01:03:44.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 24 March 2016@09:30:09.


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