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Headword: *zugomaxei=n
Adler number: zeta,186
Translated headword: to battle the yoke
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[sc. The term comes] from those selling at a station and being at variance towards those buying. But others [sc. derive it] from the beasts of burden or oxen or horses or suchlike not working harmoniously. Hesiod [writes]: "and get two male oxen of nine years, for their strength is not feeble [...] The pair of them would not fight [in the furrow]."[1] But Herodotos [says that] the phrase can be from those pairs on the ships, whenever the rowers are at variance with regard to their seats.[2]
Look for pillar of the yoke-bearer under 'basilica'.[3]
Greek Original:
*zugomaxei=n: a)po\ tw=n pwlou/ntwn staqmw=| kai\ diaferome/nwn pro\s tou\s w)noume/nous. oi( de\ a)po\ tw=n u(pozugi/wn h)\ bow=n h)\ i(/ppwn h)/ tinwn toiou/twn mh\ sumfw/nws e)rgazome/nwn. *(hsi/odos: bo/e d' e)nnaeth/rw a)/rsene kekth=sqai: tw=n ga\r sqe/nos ou)k a)lapadno/n. ou)k a)\n tw/g' e)ri/sante. *(hro/dotos de\ a)po\ tw=n e)n toi=s ploi/ois zugw=n du/nasqai ei)=nai th\n le/cin, o(/tan peri\ ta\s kaqe/dras diafe/rwntai oi( e)re/tai. zh/tei sth/lhn zugela/tou e)n tw=| *basilikh/.
Notes:
See also zeta 185. The bulk of the present entry is the same or similar in other lexica.
[1] Hesiod, Works and Days 436-9, here abridged.
[2] Nothing like this is extant in Herodotus, so the name must be an error. Adler notes the suggestions 'Herodianos' (Peter Wesseling) and 'Herodoros' (Henricus Stephanus, a.k.a. Henri √Čtienne).
[3] beta 157 (where no mention of this pillar is found, unless the elephant-statue is meant).
Keywords: art history; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; historiography; imagery; military affairs; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 25 July 2003@09:38:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; supplied notes; augmented keywords) on 28 July 2003@05:13:08.
David Whitehead (typo) on 20 May 2005@09:13:24.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 2 December 2012@06:33:45.
David Whitehead (tweaked hw; expanded primary note) on 21 April 2016@04:10:14.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 23 June 2018@23:04:09.

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