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Headword: *za/leukos
Adler number: zeta,12
Translated headword: Zaleukos, Zaleucus
Vetting Status: high
A Locrian from Thurii,[1] Pythagorean philosopher and lawgiver, who died fighting for his homeland. This man was previously a slave and a shepherd; and having been fully educated he gave laws to his fellow-citizens. Amongst these was the one concerning women going to the marketplace: the free woman would wear white, and would have one maidservant amongst her household, but the others [would be dressed] in flowery clothes.
Greek Original:
*za/leukos, *lokro\s e)k *qouri/ou, *puqago/reios filo/sofos kai\ nomoqe/ths, o(\s teleuta=| u(pe\r th=s patri/dos a)gwnizo/menos. h)=n de\ ou(=tos pro/teron dou=lo/s te kai\ poimh/n: kai\ e)kpaideuqei\s no/mous e)/qeto toi=s e(autou= poli/tais: e)n oi(=s kai\ to/, proi+ou/sas e)p' a)gora=s ta\s gunai=kas, th\n me\n e)leuqe/ran leuxei/mona meta\ oi)kei/wn paidi/skhn mi/an e)/xousan, ta\s de\ a)/llas e)n a)nqinoi=s.
'Probably the earliest lawgiver in Greece, perhaps c.650 BC' (OCD(4) s.v. Zaleucus). See also epsilon 3295.
[1] This double designation is confused. Zaleucus was from Epizephyrian Locri, near the toe-end of Italy. For Thurii, the settlement established on the site of Sybaris (significantly further north), see generally theta 418; its mention here is anachronistic as well as geographically incorrect.
Michael Gagarin, Early Greek Law (Berkeley & Los Angeles 1986) chap.3 passim
Keywords: agriculture; biography; clothing; constitution; daily life; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; law; military affairs; philosophy; women; zoology
Translated by: Nicholas Wilshere on 27 June 2003@06:32:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation at one point; added notes, keywords, bibliography) on 27 June 2003@07:01:56.
David Whitehead (added x-ref) on 16 July 2003@02:59:54.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2005@07:47:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 28 November 2012@08:15:04.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded n.1, at the prompting of Salavatore La Rosa) on 15 April 2013@04:33:57.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 5 August 2014@05:42:50.


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