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Headword: *cenagi/a
Adler number: xi,18
Translated headword: xenagia
Vetting Status: high
Two five-hundred-man regiments, [i.e.] 1024 men.[1] Most people call this number a chiliarchy and the leader a chiliarch.[2]
Greek Original:
*cenagi/a: du/o pentakosiarxi/ai, a)ndrw=n #22akd#. oi( de\ plei=stoi tou=to to\ plh=qos xiliarxi/an kalou=si kai\ xili/arxon to\n h(gou/menon.
For the several meanings of the headword besides the one glossed here see LSJ s.v.; and see also xi 19, xi 20.
[1] Twice 500 does not, of course, make 1024; however, entries like the present one reflect the numerical theorizing of Hellenistic (and later) tactical writing, in which the base unit - the syntagma or battalion - comprises an ideal 256 troops (16 ranks by 16 files) and all other figures are multiples of that. See Asclepiodotus 2.10; Aelian 9.5-10.
[2] For 'chiliarch' cf. chi 305.
Keywords: definition; mathematics; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 16 February 2000@13:25:25.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 May 2002@00:56:28.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note) on 4 May 2003@09:57:03.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 31 May 2007@09:36:02.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 31 May 2007@15:31:12.


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