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Headword: *(upo\ ma/lhs
Adler number: upsilon,541
Translated headword: under arm
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] under armpit. The word occurs in the [sc. Attic] orators; and they always deploy it with the preposition; as [for instance] Demosthenes in the [speech] In Reply to Aphobos: "and what is more, not [merely] one or two people know these things, nor was the challenge made under arm but in the middle of the agora with many present".[1] Also Lysias in the [speech] In Reply to Kleinias: "since many were asleep, having equipped himself with as many bronze vessels as possible he took [them] out under arm, with a sword".[2] Thus the singular [is used] with a preposition. Many others also [use] the plural 'armpits', including Lysias in a letter: "and [he had] fine hair but shaggy armpits".[3]
Greek Original:
*(upo\ ma/lhs: u(po\ masxa/lhs. kei=tai de\ to\ o)/noma para\ toi=s r(h/torsin: a)ei\ d' ou(/tws au)to\ paralamba/nousi meta\ th=s proqe/sews: w(s *dhmosqe/nhs e)n tw=| pro\s *)/afobon: a)lla\ mh\n ou)x ei(=s ou)de\ du/o tau=t' i)/sasin, ou)d' u(po\ ma/lhs h( pro/klhsis ge/gonen, a)ll' e)n th=| a)gora=| me/sh| pollw=n paro/ntwn. kai\ *lusi/as e)n tw=| pro\s *kleini/an: e)peidh\ pa/ntes kate/darqon, e)skeuasme/nos tw=n xalkwma/twn, o(/sa oi(=o/s t' h)=n plei=sta, u(po\ ma/lhs labw\n e)ch/gage, ci/fos e)/xwn. kai\ to\ me\n e(niko\n ou(/tw meta\ th=s proqe/sews. to\ de\ plhquntiko\n masxa/las kai\ a)/lloi plei=stoi, kai\ *lusi/as e)n e)pistolh=|: kai\ th\n me\n ko/mhn yilh/n, ta\s de\ masxa/las dasei/as.
Similarly (but more briefly) in Photius upsilon223 Theodoridis, q.v. for other references.
cf. mu 273.
[1] Demosthenes 29.12.
[2] Lysias fr. 144 Sauppe (now 197 Carey OCT).
[3] Lysias fr. 255 Sauppe (now 453 Carey OCT).
Keywords: clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; law; medicine; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 20 March 2006@07:31:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, set status) on 21 March 2006@21:37:38.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 22 March 2006@03:53:38.
David Whitehead on 28 November 2013@06:36:15.


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