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Headword: *(/uparxos
Adler number: upsilon,160
Translated headword: lieutenant, subordinate
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] he who is led/ruled by somebody else, subjected to another, not being his own master.
Sophocles [writes]: "you came as lord of Sparta, not as master over us. Nowhere was it established among your lawful powers that you should order him any more than he you. You sailed here as a lieutenant of [ = to] others, not as a supreme commander who might ever exercise authority over Ajax".
Greek Original:
*(/uparxos: o( u(f' e(te/rou a)rxo/menos, o( u(potetagme/nos e(te/rw|, o( mh\ w)\n au)tokra/twr. *sofoklh=s: *spa/rths a)na/sswn h)=lqes, ou)x h(mw=n kratw=n. ou)d' e)/sq' o(/pou soi to/nde kosmh=sai ple/on a)rxh=s e)/keito qesmo\s h)\ kai\ tw=|de/ se. u(/parxos a)/llwn deu=r' e)/pleusas, ou)x o(/lwn strathgo/s, w(/st' *ai)/antos h(gei=sqai pote/.
Teucer to Menelaus in Sophocles, Ajax 1102-1106 (web address 1), preceded here by comment from the scholia there.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: constitution; definition; ethics; law; military affairs; mythology; tragedy
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 28 July 2009@04:25:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 July 2009@05:06:29.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2011@06:19:08.
David Whitehead on 20 November 2013@08:59:03.


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