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Headword: *qumo\s e(ptabo/eios
Adler number: theta,574
Translated headword: seven-oxhide temper
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a big one. A metaphor from the shield of Ajax.[1]
Kreon in Oedipus [says]: "for there is no other old age for the temper except in death. No pain get its grips on the dead."[2] That is, it is not possible to control one's temper when one is a human being. The rawness of the temper does not grow old, except when a human departs from life; for it is impossible, when one is a human being, not to indulge one's temper. This is also spoken as a proverb, that the temper grows old last. This is said because older people get a more robust temper the older they get.[3] Also/even Alkaios mentions this as a common saying.[4]
Greek Original:
*qumo\s e(ptabo/eios: o( me/gas. a)po\ metafora=s th=s a)spi/dos tou= *ai)/antos. *kre/wn *oi)di/podi: qumou= ga\r ou)de/n e)stin a)/llo gh=ras plh\n qanei=n. qano/ntwn d' ou)de\n a)/lgos a(/ptetai. oi(=on ou)k e)/sti qumou= krath=sai a)/nqrwpon o)/nta. ou) kataghra/skei to\ w)mo\n tou= qumou=, ei) mh\ e)ce/lqoi tou= bi/ou o( a)/nqrwpos: a)du/naton ga/r e)stin o)/nta a)/nqrwpon mh\ qumw=| xrh/sasqai. tou=to kai\ paroimiakw=s le/getai, o(/ti o( qumo\s e)/sxaton ghra/skei. le/getai de\ dia\ tou\s presbute/rous: o(/son ghra/skousi, to\n qumo\n e)rrwmene/steron e)/xousi. kai\ *)alkai=os w(s legome/nou kata\ to\ koino\n au)tou= mimnh/sketai.
The headword phrase is the nominative singular version of what appears in the accusative plural at Aristophanes, Frogs 1016 (web address 1).
[1] (From the scholia to this line.) The giant shield of Ajax was constructed with seven layers of oxhide; cf. Homer, Iliad 7.220 (web address 2), and epsilon 2866.
[2] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 954-5 (web address 3); comments from the scholia follow.
[3] So in some of the paroemiographers, e.g. Apostolius 8.93.
[4] Alcaeus fr. 117 Bergk.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; economics; epic; ethics; imagery; military affairs; mythology; poetry; proverbs; religion; trade and manufacture; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 18 February 2008@15:11:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added note, set status) on 18 February 2008@20:24:40.
David Whitehead (another note; another keyword; cosmetics) on 19 February 2008@03:49:36.
David Whitehead on 7 January 2013@06:34:56.


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