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Headword: *tria/rioi
Adler number: tau,942
Translated headword: tried-and-tested, veterans, old guard
Vetting Status: high
When the Romans were campaigning against the Carthaginians 'they picked out the best men from their land armies and divided the total force into four parts; and each part had two names. For [the first] was called First Army and First Squadron, and so on accordingly. In addition the fourth had a third name: for they were called tried-and-tested, after the usage in the land armies'.
Greek Original:
*tria/rioi: oi( *(rwmai=oi strateu/santes e)pi\ *karxhdoni/ous, e)pile/cantes e)k tw=n pezikw=n stratope/dwn ta\s a)ri/stas xei=ras diei=lon th\n pa=san du/namin ei)s te/ssara me/rh: to\ de\ me/ros e(/kaston ditta\s ei)=xe proshgori/as. prw=ton me\n ga\r e)kalei=to strato/pedon kai\ prw=tos sto/los, kai\ ta\ loipa\ kata\ lo/gon: to\ de\ te/tarton kai\ tri/ton e)pwnumi/an e)/ti ou) proseilh/fei: tria/rioi ga\r w)noma/zonto kata\ th\n e)n toi=s pezikoi=s stratope/dois sunh/qeian.
Polybius 1.26.5-6 (very slightly abridged, see web address 1) on preparations for the (sea-)battle of Ecnomus, 256 BCE.
On the implication of this nickname (a transliteration of Latin triarii), see F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, i (Oxford 1957 and reprints) 85-6.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 November 2001@05:48:14.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, keyword, status) on 11 November 2004@00:31:00.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 November 2004@02:56:14.
David Whitehead on 15 August 2011@06:19:05.


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