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Headword: *to/pos paragge/lmatos diafe/rei
Adler number: tau,784
Translated headword: a commonplace differs from an instruction
Vetting Status: high
An instruction is the commoner and more general and simpler expression, from which a commonplace is derived; for the instruction [is] a beginning of a commonplace just as the commonplace [is] of an attack. Such an instruction is something expressed thus, that it is necessary to begin an attack [on an opponent's contention] on the basis of the opposing coordinate assertions, but it is a commonplace if the contrary position is often opposed to the contrary, or if the contrary turns out to be the contrary to the contrary;[1] and again, as is one of the coordinate assertions, so are the rest. For a commonplace is now a kind of protasis derived from the instruction.
Greek Original:
*to/pos paragge/lmatos diafe/rei. para/ggelma me\n ei)=nai to\ koino/teron kai\ kaqolikw/teron kai\ a(plou/steron lego/menon, a)f' ou(= to/pos eu(ri/sketai: a)rxh\ ga\r to/pou to\ para/ggelma w(/sper o( to/pos e)pixeirh/matos. oi(=on para/ggelma me\n to\ ou(/tws lego/menon, o(/ti dei= e)pixeirei=n a)po\ tw=n e)nanti/wn sustoi/xwn, to/pos de/, ei) to\ e)nanti/on pollaxw=s tw=| e)nanti/w|, h)\ ei) to\ e)nanti/on tw=| e)nanti/w| u(pa/rxei to\ e)nanti/on: kai\ pa/lin, w(s e(\n tw=n sustoi/xwn, ou(/tw kai\ ta\ loipa/. o( ga\r to/pos pro/tasis h)/dh tis a)po\ tou= paragge/lmatos ge/gonen.
cf. already tau 783. The present entry also derives from Alexander of Aphrodisias (135.3-10), here commenting on Aristotle, Topica 109a34 ff.
See the discussion in Slomkowski [below] 62-67 of a paragge/ma. Marcelo Boeri suggests we define paragge/ma as 'an instruction or precept based on a previous investigation', thus expressing more explictly Slomkowski's suggested 'investigation-instruction'.
[1] For discussion of 'contraries' in this context see Slomkowski 57, 65, 142-3.
Paul Slomkowski, Aristotle's Topics, Philosophia Antiqua 74, Leiden-New York-Cologne: Brill, 1997
Keywords: definition; philosophy
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 17 July 2002@17:08:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 3 February 2003@09:10:44.
David Whitehead (streamlining) on 14 January 2014@07:33:15.


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