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Headword: *ti/
Adler number: tau,546
Translated headword: something
Vetting Status: high
The Stoics lay down the 'something' as the genus of the existent: for it is obvious that 'something' is also existent. And if it is existent, it would accept the definitional account of the existent. This is why they also say that it [i.e. 'something'] is the most generic, and it is predicated not only of bodies but also of incorporeals.
Greek Original:
*ti/: oi( a)po\ th=s *stoa=s tou=to to\ ti/ ge/nos tou= o)/ntos ti/qentai: to\ ga\r ti/ dh=lon o(/ti kai\ o)/n. ei) de\ o)/n, to\n tou= o)/ntos a)nade/xoito a)\n lo/gon. dio\ kai\ genikw/teron au)to/ fasin ei)=nai, kathgorou/menon ou) kata\ swma/twn mo/non a)lla\ kai\ kat' a)swma/twn.
This entry is largely taken (with some variations and omissions) from Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 301.19-25 Hayduck. Alexander is commenting on the Stoic doctrine of 'something' (ti/), the highest genus including both bodies and incorporeals (time, place, sayables, and void; Sextus Empiricus, Adversus Mathematicos 10.218). In their ontological distinctions the Stoics made corporeality the essential criterion for the existent, or what is 'real' (o)/n). For the Stoics the incorporeals also are included under the highest genus 'something', since they are 'somethings' which, albeit non-existent in a strict sense, are subsistent (see Sextus, Adv. Math. 9.212; Stobaeus, Eclogae I 106.5-23, where the distinction 'existent' o)/n vs. 'subsistent' u(fista/menon is explained in detail).
Boeri, M.D. “The Stoics on Bodies and Incorporeals”, The Review of Metaphysics 54 (2001) 723-752
Long, A.A., Sedley, D.N., The Hellenistic Philosophers Cambridge 1987 (2 vols; see section 27)
Keywords: definition; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 10 December 2003@13:19:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 December 2003@05:05:35.
David Whitehead on 13 January 2014@04:37:48.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 26 October 2014@23:53:21.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 27 October 2014@00:35:17.
Catharine Roth (added a keyword) on 28 October 2014@01:24:53.


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