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Headword: *tene/dios cunh/goros
Adler number: tau,311
Translated headword: Tenedian advocate
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Meaning a harsh one;[1] for Tenedians honor two axes[2] in their dedications. However, Aristotle [says] that a Tenedian king used to try lawsuits with an axe, so that he could execute wrongdoers on the spot.[3] Or because [there is] a place in Tenedos called Asserina, where [there] is a small river in which crabs have very upright shells resembling an axe. Or because a certain king laid down a law that adulterers should both be beheaded,[4] and he observed this in the case of his son. According to which [there is] also, on the currency, an axe on one side and two faces coming out of a single neck on the other.[5] But others [say] that because of what Tennes suffered at the hands of his stepmother, he used to judge homicide suits with an axe.
Greek Original:
*tene/dios cunh/goros: a)nti\ tou= a)po/tomos: du/o ga\r pele/keis e)n a)naqh/masi timw=si *tene/dioi. kai\ paroimi/a: *tene/dios pe/lekus. *)aristote/lhs me/ntoi, o(/ti basileu\s *tene/dios meta\ pele/kews dika/zwn to\n a)dikou=nta eu)qe/ws a)nh/|rei. h)\ o(/ti *)asseri/na to/pos e)n *tene/dw|, e)/nqa potami/skos, e)n w(=| karki/noi ta\ xelw/nia dihrqrwme/na e)pi\ plei=on e)/xontes kai\ pele/kei e)mferh=. h)\ o(/ti basileu/s tis no/mon qei\s pele/kei tou\s moixou\s a)/mfw karatomei=n kai\ e)pi\ tou= ui(ou= e)th/rhse tou=to. kaq' o(\ kai\ e)n tw=| nomi/smati, e)f' ou(= me\n pe/lekus, e)f' ou(= de\ du/o pro/swpa e)c e(no\s au)xe/nos. oi( d', o(/ti *te/nnhs di' a(\ e)/paqen u(po\ th=s mhtruia=s, meta\ pele/kews ta\s foinika\s e)/krine di/kas.
Notes:
See already tau 309, tau 310.
[1] Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Tenedos.
[2] More precisely the double-headed axe, as is presupposed throughout this material.
[3] Aristotle fr. 593 Rose (from the lost Constitution of the Tenedians).
[4] This 'both' presumably means both parties to the crime; alternatively, beheading with both blades of the axe.
[5] For the coinage of Tenedos with the axe and the Janiform head see B.V. Head, Historia Numorum (Oxford 1911, reprinted Amsterdam 1991) 550-1. For a picture, see web address 1.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; art history; daily life; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; law; mythology; proverbs; religion; science and technology; women; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 16 December 2002@10:34:10.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 1 October 2004@22:48:49.
David Whitehead (typo; more keywords) on 3 October 2004@04:57:22.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@08:59:58.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaks) on 12 August 2011@08:16:34.
David Whitehead on 9 January 2014@03:58:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 14 July 2014@00:19:20.

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