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Headword: *te/los eu)daimoni/as
Adler number: tau,283
Translated headword: an end [differs] from happiness
Vetting Status: high
[An end [telos]] differs from [happiness [eudaimonia]]. For an end is a particular pleasure, whereas happiness is the structure [su/sthma] consisting of particular pleasures, amongst which we number past and future pleasures[1].
[An example of the] construction [of this word]: 'they compelled us that the end is to lie awake(?).'[2]
The soul[3] is an activity insofar as it not only makes the body perfect, rules it and manages it but also sets in motion all its organs.[4] Without the soul, the body would be imperfect or, rather, useless, i.e. nothing at all.
Greek Original:
*te/los eu)daimoni/as diafe/rei. te/los me\n ga/r e)stin h( kata\ me/ros h(donh/, eu)daimoni/a de\ to\ e)k tw=n merikw=n h(donw=n su/sthma, ai(=s sunariqmou=ntai kai\ ai( parw|xhkui=ai kai\ ai( me/llousai. su/ntacis: te/los ei)=nai diagrupnei=n h(ma=s h)na/gkazon. o(/ti e)ntele/xeia/ e)stin h( yuxh/, w(s teleiou=sa kai\ kubernw=sa kai\ oi)konomou=sa to\ sw=ma kai\ kinou=sa ta\ o)/rgana tou/tou pa/nta: h(=s a)/neu a)tele/s, ma=llon de\ a)/xrhston, kai\ pantelw=s ou)de/n.
[1] This echoes a Cyrenaic doctrine (cf. Diogenes Laertius 2.87). For a brief commentary on the passage see Julia Annas, The Morality of Happiness (Oxford 1993) 38-39.
[2] An unidentifiable quotation (and an obscure paragraph altogether).
[3] For this material cf. eta 97.
[4] See Aristotle, De anima 2.1.
P. Mitsis, Epicurus' Ethical Theory, Ithaca 1988.
G. Striker, "Epicurean Hedonism", in J. Brunschwig, M.C. Nussbaum (eds.) Passions & Perceptions. Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind. Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium Hellenisticum, Cambridge 1993, pp.3-17.
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 12 November 1999@13:00:41.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 16 January 2003@08:37:18.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 23 October 2005@09:35:26.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 29 January 2011@01:20:00.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 30 January 2011@05:05:56.
David Whitehead on 8 January 2014@05:00:54.
David Whitehead (cosmetic change) on 27 May 2016@10:12:06.


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