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Headword: *tarku/nios *sou/perbos
Adler number: tau,125
Translated headword: Tarquinius Superbus, Tarquin the Proud
Vetting Status: high
When this man seized power over the Romans he renewed the government towards greater severity and made it harsher, inasmuch as he had attained the hegemony by means of such deeds. He changed the laws and proposed magistrates contrary to custom and through them mistreated the people. He was especially warlike, being naturally suspicious and boastful; for this reason he acquired this sobriquet, for superbus is what Romans used to call the arrogant.
Greek Original:
*tarku/nios *sou/perbos: ou(=tos th=s a)rxh=s e)pilabo/menos tw=n *(rwmai/wn metekai/nisen e)pi\ to\ au)qade/steron kai\ barute/ran th\n politei/an a)pe/fhnen, oi(=a dh\ e)k toiou/twn parelqw\n ei)s th\n h(gemoni/an drama/twn, tou/s te no/mous metaqei\s kai\ a)/rxontas para\ to\ su/nhqes proballo/menos kai\ di' au)tw=n to\n dh=mon ai)kizo/menos: filopo/lemo/s te, ei) kai/ tis a)/llos, gegonw\s u(pero/pths te kai\ a)lazw/n. o(/qen kai\ th\n e)pwnumi/an tau/thn a)phne/gkato: soupe/rbous ga\r tou\s u(perhfa/nous w)no/mazon *(rwmai=oi.
John of Antioch fr.36 FHG (4.553), now 67 Roberto. Cf. sigma 798. The name Tarquinius is transliterated differently at tau 126.
On this man, traditionally the last king of Rome (534-510), see generally OCD(4) s.v. Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius. Livy's account of his reign may be found at web address 1.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; constitution; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 18 January 2004@01:45:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 January 2004@04:26:29.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 19 January 2004@00:58:25.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 11 November 2005@08:37:54.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 29 April 2011@09:47:01.
Catharine Roth (updated link) on 29 April 2011@11:01:51.
David Whitehead on 7 January 2014@04:34:12.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@07:28:09.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@04:42:59.


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