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Headword: *tu/yai
Adler number: tau,1240
Translated headword: to strike, hit, beat (often with the hand)
Vetting Status: high
"To hit [balei=n][1] [means] to send from a distance, but to wound (ou)ta/sai][2] and to stab [nu/cai])[3], and to beat [tu/yai], [means] to wound [trw=sai][4] by hand."
Greek Original:
*tu/yai: o(/ti balei=n to\ po/rrwqen pe/myai, ou)ta/sai de\ kai\ nu/cai, kai\ tu/yai, to\ e)k xeiro\s trw=sai.
For the headword see tau 1182, tau 1179, pi 893, pi 880. The present material is quoted exactly from beta 77 (q.v.). Similar definitions are given by Apollonius the Sophist, Homeric Lexicon 156, under tu/yas (e)k xeiro\s pata/cas and tupei/s (plhgei\s e)k xeiro/s.
The distinctions originate in a dictionary of synonyms that distinguished sharply the Greek verbs meaning to strike or hit a person: hitting with a missile thrown from a distance (web address 1), wounding with a sharp instrument (web address 2) or stabbing (web address 3), striking by the hand (the headword, web address 4) in such a way as to wound (web address 5).
[1] Besides beta 77, see alpha 997, beta 76, beta 78, kappa 1830, mu 426, tau 479, etc.
[2] omicron 968.
[3] nu 614.
[4] tau 1179.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; military affairs
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 17 April 2003@18:47:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 18 April 2003@03:32:12.
David Whitehead (rearranged notes; more keywords; cosmetics) on 16 January 2014@09:18:47.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links, coding) on 24 April 2015@23:52:07.


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