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Headword: *(re/qos
Adler number: rho,92
Translated headword: countenance, limb
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] face, blush, body-part, heart.[1]
"Here [lies] her soft and tender countenance, here lies Trugonion."[2]
Homer [writes]: "and his soul fleeting out of [his] limbs was gone to Hades".[3]
Also [sc. attested is the word] r(eqomali/dai,[4] [meaning] those who are soft in the flesh. For the whole body is called r(e/qos.
And it declines r(e/qous [in the genitive], and r(e/qh in the plural.
Greek Original:
*(re/qos: pro/swpon, e)ru/qhma, me/los, spla/gxnon. e)nqa/de th=s trufera=s malako\n r(e/qos, e)nqa/de kei=tai trugo/nion. *(/omhros: yuxh\ d' e)k r(eqe/wn ptame/nh a)/i+do/sde bebh/kei. kai\ *(reqomali/dai, oi( truferoi\ th\n sa/rka. le/getai ga\r kai\ o(/lon to\ sw=ma r(e/qos. kai\ kli/netai r(e/qous, plhquntiko\n ta\ r(e/qh.
The neuter headword regularly means 'limbs' when used in the plural (esp. in Homer) but 'countenance' as a singular: see LSJ s.v.
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica; references at Photius rho73 Theodoridis.
[2] Greek Anthology 7.222.1-2 (Philodemus); cf. sigma 4. (Trugonion, here a woman's name, is also the diminutive of trugw/n, turtle-dove.)
[3] Homer, Iliad 16.856 and 22.362 (web addresses 1 and 2), a formulaic verse used respectively in the key scenes of Patroclus' and Hector's death; cf. Eustathius and the scholia to the verses; also quoted in ps.-Zonaras and Etymologicum Magnum s.v. r(e/qh.
[4] Apart from this entry, the word is also attested (in the accusative plural) in the scholia to Homer, Iliad 22.68 (web address 3), where it is defined as an Aeolic word meaning fair of face (eu)prosw/pous).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; medicine; mythology; poetry; religion; women; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 5 December 2007@11:45:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 December 2007@03:25:50.
David Whitehead (more notes; tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 August 2011@06:57:06.
David Whitehead on 27 October 2013@09:55:50.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 5 January 2022@17:58:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked another note) on 6 January 2022@00:20:52.


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