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Headword: *(ri/mfa
Adler number: rho,167
Translated headword: swiftly
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] easily, readily.[1]
"As you were sleeping, a plunderer set upon you stealthily and killed you, swiftly setting his fingernail on your throat."[2]
Greek Original:
*(ri/mfa: r(a|di/ws, eu)xerw=s. h)= ga/r s' u(pnw/onta si/nis laqrhdo\n e)pelqw\n e)/kteine, laimw=| r(i/mfa kaqei\s o)/nuxa.
[1] Epic/poetic adverb, similarly glossed in Hesychius (rho326) and in a scholion on Homer, Iliad 6.511, where it occurs (web address 1).
[2] Greek Anthology 7.202.3-4 (Anyte), about a rooster; again at sigma 460. Also see Gow and Page (vol. I, 38), (vol. II, 97), and another extract from this epigram at epsilon 2933. The poet does not identify the plunderer. But as Gow and Page suggest (ibid.), a likely candidate is the weasel or some other clawed predator in the broader Mustelidae family of carnivorous animals; cf. LSJ s.v. gale/h (web address 2) and gamma 29.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 16 September 2010@19:02:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead on 17 September 2010@03:32:44.
David Whitehead on 28 October 2013@08:35:14.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-reference, added link) on 27 August 2021@13:15:24.


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