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Headword: *(rh/twr
Adler number: rho,153
Translated headword: orator, speaker
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning an] advocate,[1] pleader.[2] Also, in Sophocles,[3] the judge delivering his own opinion.[4]
Greek Original:
*(rh/twr: sunh/goros, dikolo/gos. kai\ o( th\n i)di/an a)pofai/nwn gnw/mhn krith\s para\ *sofoklei=.
Same entry in the Synagoge (rho34) and Photius (rho113 Theodoridis). Compare also Hesychius rho280 and rho288.
For the headword see already rho 152. (For the original meaning of r(h/twr as an eloquent person see ps.-Zonaras 1610.12-3.);
[1] The noun sunh/goros defined both a public office and private avocation in Athens; see LSJ s.v. and cf. sigma 1459, sigma 1546, sigma 1547, sigma 1548. The noun is listed as a synonym of prosta/ths (Hesychius s.v. sunh/goros), and of logopoio/s in Hesychius' entry for the latter. See also e.g. Harpocration sigma58 Keaney, Photius sigma780 and sigma781 Theodoridis (with other references there).
[2] See also pi 2194.
[3] Sophocles fr. 1090 Radt (this word only), from an unidentified drama. The noun r(h/twr is not attested in any of Sophocles’ extant tragedies.
[4] For the phrase gnw/mhn a)pofai/nw cf. e.g. Herodotus 1.40.2 (web address 1).
Radt S. (ed.), Tragicorum Graecorum fragmenta, vol. 4, Göttingen 1977
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; law; politics; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 25 March 2007@18:38:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 March 2007@03:51:22.
David Whitehead (pruning and updating; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 October 2013@07:54:06.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 January 2015@01:08:17.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 9 January 2022@01:09:48.


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