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Headword: *paio/lhma
Adler number: pi,878
Translated headword: scam, swindle
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] disturbance, diversion, and some deceit, a knavish trick.[1] Aristophanes in Clouds [writes]: "for what must be discovered [is] a plan for withholding, and a scam."[2]
Greek Original:
*paio/lhma: ki/nhma, a)popla/nhma, kai\ a)pa/thn tina/, panou/rghma. *)aristofa/nhs *nefe/lais: e)ceurete/os ga\r nou=s a)posterhtiko/s, kai\ paio/lhma.
The headword (in the accusative case), generated by the quotation given (see below), is a very rare variant -- occurring only here and in the rhetorician Eudemus --of alpha 2959, the neuter noun a)paio/lhma; see LSJ s.v., and cf. pi 877. [Adler reports that ms F replaces the headword with that of pi 877, paio/lh, and deletes the Aristophanes quotation.]
As Adler further notes, from this passage Bernhardy transposed kai\ a)pa/thn tina/ (and some deceit) to pi 877, so that it followed e)ktroph\n (mishap).
[1] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 729 (web address 1); see further, next note.
[2] Aristophanes, Clouds 728-9 (web address 1): Strepsiades is urged to pull the bedcovers up over his head and identify his devious adversary through meditation. The manuscript tradition assigns these words to Socrates, but then the superintendent of the Thinkery is alternately haranguing and championing Strepsiades. If Socrates can flit in and out of the scene, however, there is a case for ascribing the words to the Chorus Leader (Dover, p. 190), who with his entourage consistently encourages Strepsiades. In received texts, there is crasis (Smyth 62-69) and catalexis (Dickey, p. 242) at line 729: ka)paio/lhm'. [While the division into two words here gives the present headword, ms M as reported by Adler suggests k' a)paio/lhma, thereby exposing the lemma's more common spelling.]
K.J. Dover, Aristophanes Clouds, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968
H.W. Smyth, Greek Grammar, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1956
E. Dickey, Ancient Greek Scholarship, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; meter and music; stagecraft
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 7 August 2008@03:49:53.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified tr; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 August 2008@04:05:33.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 2 September 2011@11:20:11.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; more tweaking) on 2 September 2011@11:32:06.
David Whitehead on 18 September 2013@08:49:32.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 31 August 2014@07:03:19.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticules) on 5 July 2021@14:07:27.


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