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Headword: *paida/rion
Adler number: pi,847
Translated headword: little child
Vetting Status: high
The [sc. Attic] orators have used the word[1] not only in reference to males but also in reference to young girls. Hyperides in the [speech] In Reply to Timandros [writes]: "for when these had been left, two brothers and two sisters, orphaned in respect of their father and mother, and little children".[2]
Greek Original:
*paida/rion: ou) mo/non e)pi\ tw=n a)rre/nwn ke/xrhntai tw=| o)no/mati oi( r(h/tores, a)lla\ kai\ e)pi\ parqe/nwn. *(uperi/dhs e)n tw=| pro\s *ti/mandron: katallaxqe/ntwn ga\r tou/twn duoi=n a)delfoi=n kai\ duai=n a)delfai=n o)rfanai=n kai\ pro\s patro\s kai\ mhtro\s kai\ paidari/wn pai/dwn.
[1] A diminutive of pai=s. Also used outside oratory: see LSJ s.v.
[2] Hyperides fr. 164 Jensen. Jensen (like his Teubner predecessor Blass) emended it substantially from the words transmitted here, eliminating the brothers in the process -- but wrongly: this very passage has now enabled Natalie Tchernetska (see bibliography) to identify one of the non-Archimedian texts on the "Archimedes Palimpsest" (web address 1 below) as part of this speech.
N. Tchernetska, "New fragments of Hyperides from the Archimedes palimpsest", ZPE 154 (2005) 1-6
D. Whitehead, "Hypereides' Timandros: observations and suggestions", BICS 52 (2009) 135-148, at 135-136
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: children; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; law; rhetoric; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 28 February 2004@11:04:33.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 12 May 2004@01:48:39.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 May 2004@03:29:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 October 2005@08:30:35.
David Whitehead (modified n.2) on 30 November 2005@07:48:07.
David Whitehead (expanded and updated n.2; added bibliography and a website) on 2 September 2011@10:05:50.


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