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Headword: *patrw/|wn
Adler number: pi,803
Translated headword: of the patrimony
Vetting Status: high
The orators[1] say patrw=|a ["inherited from one’s father"], whenever their speech concerns goods or places. Isaeus: [says] "for I declare to you that this land does not belong to the heiress, nor has it ever, but that Lysimenes the father of Menekrates held it as a paternal inheritance: indeed Lysimenes kept all his paternal inheritance."[2] But they call pa/tria ["paternal, ancestral"] the customs and the laws and the mysteries and the festivals. Antiphon [says]: "on the other hand, knowing that you have ancestral and ancient laws."[3] But [sc. they say] patriko/n, whenever they make the speech concerning a person. "And having been deemed worthy of these honors, because he held him as a paternal friend." Aeschines in Against Ktesiphon [sc. says this].[4]
Greek Original:
*patrw/|wn: patrw=|a le/gousin oi( r(h/tores, o(/tan au)toi=s o( lo/gos h)=| peri\ xrhma/twn h)\ to/pwn. *)isai=os: a)pofai/nw ga\r u(mi=n, w(s ou)k e)/sti th=s e)piklh/rou to\ xwri/on tou=to, ou)d' e)ge/neto pw/pote, a)ll' w(s h)=n patrw=|on *lusime/nei tw=| patri\ *menekra/tous: o( de\ *lusime/nhs e)/sxe ta\ patrw=|a pa/nta. pa/tria de\ le/gousi ta\ e)/qh kai\ ta\ no/mima kai\ ta\ musth/ria kai\ ta\s e(orta/s. *)antifw=n: tou=to de\ tou\s no/mous ei)dw\s patri/ous kai\ palaiou\s o)/ntas u(mi=n. patriko\n de/, o(/tan peri\ prosw/pou poiw=ntai to\n lo/gon. kai\ tou/twn a)ciwqei/s, dia\ to\ patriko\s au)tw=| fi/los ei)=nai. *ai)sxi/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *kthsifw=ntos.
Similar entries in Photius (pi494 Theodoridis) and elsewhere.
The headword, neuter genitive plural of a term that has already appeared in the nominative/accusative plural as pi 800, is evidently extracted from somewhere -- probably Attic oratory: there are instances in e.g. Lysias (10.5, 16.10, 32.10 & 22), Isaeus (1.1, 3.46, 51, 55 & 58, 6.25, 8.34, 10.24 & 25; and Aeschines (1.105). Harrison (in bibliography below) 125 notes that patrw=|a in Athenian law referred to property that a man inherited, while e)pikthta/ referred to property that he added to his patrimony.
The summary entry pi 800 (see above) defined patrw=|a as ta\ patrika/, making the two terms equivalent. The point of the present entry is to note how the Attic orators customarily applied the roughly synonymous adjectives patrw=|os ("of or from one's father, coming or inherited from him:" LSJ), pa/trios ("of or belonging to one’s father:" LSJ), and patriko/s ("derived from one’s fathers, hereditary:" LSJ). Lysias 32.22 illustrates the Suda’s distinctions here by applying patriko/s to e)xqro/s ("enemy"), while using tw=n patrw=|wn to refer to an inherited estate within the same sentence. The Attic orators do customarily use pa/trios to denote ancestral laws, customs, and religious observances, e.g.: Aeschines 1.23 (prayers and rites), 2.114 (religious traditions); Andocides 1.110, 115 & 116 (law); Antiphon 5.48 (laws); Demosthenes 18.90 (constitution), 21.52 (garlands), 24.139 (customs); Dinarchus 1.62 (laws), 110 (sacrifices); Isocrates 7.29 (sacrifices), 30 (rites); Lysias. 30.19 (sacrifices), 21 (sacrifices), 29 (rites), 31.31 (gods). Likewise, they consistently apply patriko/s to ancestral friends and enemies: Aeschines 1.42, 2.26; Andocides 2.11; Demosthenes 19.222, 21.49, 23.111 & 121, 25.32, 40.37; Dinarchus 1.111; Isocrates 1.2, 4.184, 5.126, 17.43, 19.50. The only surviving exception is Isocrates 9.35, where patrika\s basilei/as clearly refers to inheritance.
[1] Some lexica say, more generally, 'the ancients'.
[2] Isaeus fr. 6.2 Roussel (26 Sauppe).
[3] Antiphon fr. 78 Thalheim (139 Sauppe).
[4] Aeschines 3.52.
Harrison, A.R.W. The Law of Athens: The Family and Property. Oxford: Clarendon, 1968
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; law; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Fred Jenkins on 10 September 2011@20:53:05.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, more keywords, status) on 10 September 2011@22:43:57.
Fred Jenkins (cosmetics) on 10 September 2011@23:01:43.
David Whitehead (added primary note and more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 September 2011@05:41:41.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2011@05:41:56.
Fred Jenkins (cosmetics) on 16 September 2011@16:42:34.
David Whitehead (small additons to notes) on 18 September 2013@05:09:28.


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