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Headword: *parqe/nioi
Adler number: pi,666
Translated headword: virginals
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] those who are born to a virgin before getting married; but by Athenians the daughters of Erechtheus [sc. are called this]. And in Gorgias 'virgin' is applied to every[thing/one] that has no share.[1] They are also called 'uncorrupted' by transference.
Greek Original:
*parqe/nioi: oi( geno/menoi parqe/nw| pro\ tou= gh/masqai, u(po\ de\ *)aqhnai/wn *)erexqe/ws qugate/res: para\ de\ *gorgi/a| parqe/nos e)pi\ panto\s a)meto/xou te/taktai. kalou=ntai de\ e)k metalh/yews kai\ a)/fqoroi.
Notes:
Photius (pi407 Theodoridis) has the same entry under the lemma parqe/noi, but LSJ notes the term parthenios as 'the son of an unmarried girl' as early as Homer, Iliad 16.180. For Erechtheus' daughters as parthenoi, see again at pi 668; and cf. generally pi 662.
[1] This is not borne out in the surviving writings of Gorgias, and the allusion to him here remains opaque. (For its substance, nevertheless, Theodoridis (above) quotes a scholion to Euripides, Orestes 108: parqe/nos de/ e)stin h(/ te a)migh\s kai\ h( a)/rti h(bw=sa.)
Keywords: children; definition; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; philosophy; rhetoric; tragedy; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 16 August 2011@05:05:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; added primary note; more keywords) on 16 August 2011@05:43:59.
David Whitehead on 16 August 2011@05:44:29.
David Whitehead (expansions to notes; tweaking) on 17 September 2013@04:19:57.

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