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Headword: *paraiba/ths
Adler number: pi,497
Translated headword: stander-by; apostate, transgressor
Vetting Status: high
[no gloss]
Greek Original:
A noun with a complex history: see LSJ s.v. Its initial meaning, in Homer, is 'he who stands beside', meaning specifically the warrior who stands in his chariot next to the charioteer. Other military uses are comparable. However, the totally different 'apostate/transgressor' sense is found as early as Aeschylus; and of course the Apostate par excellence is the emperor Julian (Flavius Claudius Iulianus, reigned 361-3 CE), who renounced Christianity for paganism: see iota 437.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; history; military affairs; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 October 2002@09:48:28.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 1 October 2002@20:27:10.
David Whitehead on 29 July 2004@06:05:59.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 13 April 2009@09:54:33.
David Whitehead on 19 June 2016@08:57:45.


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