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Headword: *pro/xeiros
Adler number: pi,2931
Translated headword: forward
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] intemperate.[1] "Being forward in his judgment on account of his experience he said that it was important not to hesitate, but to meet the enemy and to engage them in naval battle."[2]
Also one who is ready is called 'forward'.[3]
Greek Original:
*pro/xeiros: a)krath/s. o( de\ pro/xeiros w)\n th\n gnw/mhn dia\ th\n e)mpeiri/an ou) me/llein e)/fh dei=n, a)ll' a)panta=n kai\ naumaxei=n toi=s polemi/ois. kai\ o( e(/toimos le/getai pro/xeiros.
The same adjective as in pi 2930 and pi 2932, but in a different sense.
[1] cf. Pollux 8.80.
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta of Constantine Porphyrogenitus) unidentifiable. Adler notes that the Dutch scholar Tiberius Hemsterhuis (1685-1766) attributed it to Polybius (who has several instances of the headword adjective, including pi 2932). She also reports a textual discrepancy in its second clause: four of the mss have 'to deceive [a)pata=n] the enemy', but 'to meet' (ms A), a difference of one letter in the Greek, does look better.
[3] cf. Hesychius pi4086 (also pi4085, pi4087); ps.-Herodian, Epimerismi 38.2; Pollux 1.43, 5.107; Galen 16.560.8.
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs
Translated by: William Hutton on 10 October 2013@17:46:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 October 2013@03:38:51.
David Whitehead on 22 October 2013@03:42:49.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 12 July 2014@11:26:32.


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