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Headword: *pro/sisxe
Adler number: pi,2702
Translated headword: proffer
Vetting Status: high
The [word that means] offer. Cratinus [writes]: "and don't proffer [it?] to foreign cowherds."[1] And Eupolis: "proffer your attention in this direction."[2] And Thucydides [book] 3: "and those from the city held forth [signal-fires]."[3] Likewise too u(pi/sxomai ('I undertake'), the [verb that is the same as] u(pisxnou=mai, [is used by] both the tragedians[4] and Aristophanes: "I undertake to take part in this business."[5]
Greek Original:
*pro/sisxe: to\ pro/sexe. *krati=nos: kai\ mh\ pro/sisxe barba/roisi bouko/lois. kai\ *eu)/polis: pro/sisxe to\n nou=n th=|de. kai\ *qoukudi/dhs g#: parani/sxon de\ kai\ oi( e)k th=s po/lews. ou(/tws de\ kai\ u(pi/sxomai, to\ u(pisxnou=mai oi(/ te tragikoi/, kai\ *)aristofa/nhs: to\ pra=gma tou=to sullabei=n u(pi/sxomai.
= Photius, Lexicon pi1331 Theodoridis (but here slightly expanded); identified by Wentzel and Erbse as coming from Aelius Dionysius (pi67).
The entry gathers a number of examples of verbs in which the common verbal element -ex- ('have'/'hold') is replaced by its less common reduplicated by-form -isx-. The close relationship between these words is difficult to maintain in translation. The example that serves as the headword is a present imperative, second person singular; the other examples come in other forms.
[1] Cratinus fr. 286 Kock (317 K.-A.).
[2] Eupolis fr. 386 Kock (381 K.-A.).
[3] Thucydides 3.22.8.
[4] (The equivalence to\ u(pisxnou=mai is added by the Suda.) Adler cites no references for tragedy, but Theodoridis proffers Aeschylus, Eumenides 804.
[5] Aristophanes fr. 615 Kock (626 K.-A.).
Keywords: agriculture; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; poetry; science and technology; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 27 August 2013@10:09:16.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode, set status) on 27 August 2013@10:22:33.
David Whitehead (expansions, inc. another note; cosmetics) on 28 August 2013@03:19:40.
David Whitehead on 17 October 2013@07:54:38.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 June 2014@01:10:18.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note) on 30 June 2014@08:35:19.


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