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Headword: *prophlaki/zwn
Adler number: pi,2562
Translated headword: besmirching
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he who is] wronging, outraging, disparaging, despising.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the related noun] prophlakismo/s, [meaning] outrage.[2] The term comes from smearing clay onto the faces of those being condemned by vote for atimia and outrage [hybris], those whom latterly they smear with soot.[3]
Greek Original:
*prophlaki/zwn: a)dikw=n, u(bri/zwn, diasu/rwn, e)couqenw=n. kai\ *prophlakismo/s, u(/bris. ei)/rhtai de\ a)po\ tou= phlo\n e)pixri/esqai ta\ pro/swpa tw=n a)timi/an kai\ u(/brin katayhfizome/nwn, ou(\s a)rti/ws a)sbo/lw| xri/ousi.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica and scholia. The headword is present participle, masculine nominative singular, of the verb prophlaki/zw. There are several attestations of it in Attic oratory; the one which has given rise to the present entry is probably Aeschines 2.44 (see the scholia thereto).
[2] cf. upsilon 16.
[3] Similar material in the Etymologicum Magnum (669.44-50, 690.5-9).
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; imagery; law; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 15 March 2010@05:53:25.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweak, status) on 23 April 2010@14:17:51.
Catharine Roth on 23 April 2010@15:01:24.
David Whitehead (typos in n.1) on 24 April 2010@08:48:30.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 25 November 2011@06:55:53.
David Whitehead on 16 October 2013@08:16:25.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 May 2019@00:21:11.


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